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Tottering Totten and the Coming Multi-Meter Sea Level Rise

robertscribbler

A new scientific study has found that the Totten Glacier is fundamentally unstable and could significantly contribute to a possible multi-meter sea level rise this Century under mid-range and worst case warming scenarios.

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408 Parts per million CO2. 490 parts per million CO2e. This is the amount of heat-trapping CO2 and total CO2 equivalent for all heat-trapping gasses now in the Earth’s atmosphere. Two measures representing numerous grave potential consequences.

We’re Locking in 120-190 Feet of Sea Level Rise Long Term

Looking at the first number — 408 parts per million CO2 — we find that the last time global levels of this potent heat-trapping gas were so high was during the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum of 15-17 million years ago. During this time, the Greenland Ice Sheet did not exist. East Antarctic glacial ice was similarly scarce. And the towering glaciers of West Antarctica were greatly reduced…

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May 26, 2016 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Workers Vote to Strike At All 19 Nuclear Power Stations in France

Mining Awareness +

France Nuclear Power Station map by Sting-Roulex45-Domaina, CC-BY-SA via Wikipedia

Workers at All of France’s 19 Nuclear Power Stations Vote to Strike
First, workers at Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear power station voted on Tuesday night, 24 May, to power down the still operating nuclear reactor starting on Wednesday night for a 24 hour period as a protest against major modifications in the work legal code. It will take several days for the reactor to power back up. The other reactor at the site is already down due to a technical problem.

On Wednesday night, 25 May, workers at the other 18 nuclear power stations also voted to strike. This means that all 19 nuclear power stations in France will be on strike from early Thursday morning. While Nogent-sur-Seine said that they intend to power the reactor down to 0% output, to join the 0% output of the other reactor, the exact program followed by the other striking power stations was to be…

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May 26, 2016 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

New Tar Sands Impact on Climate, Air Quality Found | Climate Central

GarryRogers Nature Conservation

Scientists have found that tar sands are one of North America’s largest sources of organic aerosols, which affect climate and health.

Source: New Tar Sands Impact on Climate, Air Quality Found | Climate Central

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May 26, 2016 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

May 25 Energy News

geoharvey

Science and Technology:

¶ Dosing farm animals with antibiotics increases greenhouse gas emissions from cow dung, new research suggests. Scientists say the drugs boost methane production in cowpats, apparently by favoring antibiotic-resistant, methane-producing organisms found in the gut. [BBC]

Methane from cattle burps is a major contributor to carbon emissions. Science Photo Library. Methane from cattle burps is a major contributor to carbon emissions. Science Photo Library.

¶ A PricewaterhouseCoopers report, Electricity beyond the grid: accelerating access to sustainable power for all, says rural electrification is best done by renewable off-grid technologies. It said current trends will leave two-thirds of the world’s population without electricity in 2030. [CPI Financial]

¶ The gulf between laboratory tests and real world air pollution from cars is hampering efforts to cut the toxic air that kills millions of people a year worldwide, an expert at the UN warned. The World Health Organisation said harmful airborne particulates had risen by 8% in cities. [

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May 26, 2016 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Epigentics and Genomic Instability

Nuclear Exhaust

reproduced for study purposes. Please see also “Poverty linked to epigenetic changes and mental illness -Impoverished adolescents acquire DNA marks, brain changes and depression over time.” Sara Reardon 24 May 2016 for a clear introduction to epigenetics and genomic instability as a background. Environment and stressors affects how genes express and how cells read and respond to gene expression. A marked gene need not be a “damaged gene”, however processes due to environment may alter the expression of a gene. The consequences of this may be many. One outcome may be disease. A marked, undamaged, gene may be transmissible to offspring if it is a germ cell (sperm, egg).

Selected pages from http://www.melodi-online.eu/doc/13_chakraborty_melodi-2012_web.pdf Epigenetic Events and Radiation Exposure, Ranajit Chakraborty, PhD Center for Computational Genomics, Institute of Applied Genetics,
Department of Forensic and Investigative Genetics, Univ. North
Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas 76107, USA. nvited Talk given at…

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May 26, 2016 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

German Activists Protest Transport of German Nuclear Waste Across Germany and to America, while Americans Sleep

Mining Awareness +

While German activists protest the possible transport of German nuclear waste across Germany and to America for processing and probable burial, what are most Americans doing?
Actor Joseph Jefferson as Rip van Winkle, photographed by Napoleon Sarony in 1869
Wake up America! Wake up!
Ahaus to Charleston
Last Saturday, some Germans protested the potential movement of nuclear waste from Juelich to Ahaus and possibly on to America. However, the larger amount of German nuclear waste, which may get sent to America, is already at Ahaus.
May 22 2016 Anti-Castor transport protest NRW Germany
It’s truly absurd that most Americans are depending on Germans to protect America from German nuclear waste. As Bernie Sanders’ clear lack of qualms about sending Vermont radioactive waste to be buried in Texas shows, most people are happy to get shot of the waste from their area. And, don’t care what happens to it afterwards. Even Bernie is too foolish to see that waste buried out west may land on top of Vermont, after it blows up. Willingness to shut…

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May 26, 2016 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

10% of TEPCO’s frozen soil wall at Fukushima site not working

26 may 2016

 

 

The solid frozen soil wall that Tokyo Electric Power Co. is trying to create at its stricken Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant is falling short of expectations.

TEPCO said May 25 its attempt to freeze the soil around the crippled reactors to decrease contaminated groundwater has hit an unexpected glitch.

The utility said it has been unable to freeze the soil at about 10 percent of points it surveyed even though more than one-and-a-half months have passed since the program started.

This is due to the fact that soil temperatures have failed to drop sufficiently. In places where the temperature remains especially high, there is a possibility the soil will never freeze.

TEPCO reported the situation to the Nuclear Regulation Authority, the nation’s nuclear watchdog, saying it plans to implement additional work, such as injecting cement or other materials into the soil.

The project involved the construction of a 1,500-meter-long circular frozen soil wall around the No. 1 to No. 4 reactor buildings. The utility inserted 1,568 pipes to a depth of 30 meters and 1 meter apart. The idea was that each pipe would then freeze the soil around it once liquid of minus 30 degrees circulated inside the cylinders.

The project is aimed to stop flow of groundwater into reactor buildings, where melted nuclear fuel has accumulated in the basements, and, as a result, reduce the volume of highly contaminated water.

To date, around 34.5 billion yen ($315 million) has been spent on the project.

TEPCO started to freeze the soil in late March, with the goal of first creating an 820-meter-long portion, mainly along the side of the plant facing the sea.

According to TEPCO, the temperature of soil around pipes was lower than zero in only 88 percent of 5,800 or so sites it surveyed as of May 17. In the remaining 12 percent, temperatures were as high as 10 degrees in places.

In spots where temperatures fell short, the soil wall was riddled with holes. TEPCO plans to fill them in by injecting cement or other agents.

On the site of the plant facing a mountain, the utility has been freezing the soil in phases. Although it had planned to double the number of frozen soil sites as early as mid-May, that has not materialized.

“If the effects of the frozen soil wall fall short of what we have expected, we will hold talks with TECPO about additional steps,” said an NRA official in charge of the issue.

http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201605260056.html

May 26, 2016 Posted by | Fukushima 2016 | , , | Leave a comment

A-bomb survivors’ leader says Japan shares blame, too

kkllm.jpg

Terumi Tanaka, secretary general of Japan Confederation of A-and H-bomb Sufferers Organizations, speaks during an interview in Tokyo on May 11.

The debate over whether U.S. President Barack Obama should apologize to Japanese survivors of America’s atomic bombings in World War II made Terumi Tanaka think: What about his own government?

Tanaka, secretary-general of Japan Confederation of A-and H-bomb Sufferers Organizations, was 13 when the United States dropped its second atomic bomb on Nagasaki city on Aug. 9, 1945, three days after the first on Hiroshima.

He was at home on a mountainside and survived, but lost five relatives in the blast. His family lived in an anti-firebombing shelter until Japan surrendered six days later.

“To be honest, I think Mr. Obama should apologize to the survivors,” said Tanaka, 84, a retired engineering professor. “I’ve seen my relatives die in front of my eyes, which I never forget.”

He added, though, that Japan also should take some of the blame.

“Japan started the war and kept dragging it on,” he said. “The government should fully take responsibility for our suffering.”

The Japanese government offered little help for survivors until the confederation he now leads was established in 1956 to demand support. A year later, a national medical compensation law was enacted, but because of stringent standards, dozens of survivors are still fighting in court to get recognized as victims.

Referring to the White House stressing that Obama’s visit Friday is not to revisit history, and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s push for future-oriented relations with the rest of Asia, Tanaka said: “You can see the future and move on only when you squarely face the past and come to terms with it.”

Excerpts of video interviews with Tanaka, another Japanese atomic bomb survivor and U.S. veterans are available at http://apne.ws/243ZLSD.

http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201605250047.html

May 26, 2016 Posted by | Japan | | Leave a comment

Low-level nuclear waste to be buried 70 meters underground: NRA

Japanese Nuclear Regulatory Authority pretends it will exist for 100,000 years!

A portion of low-level nuclear waste generated by nuclear reactors is to be buried at a depth of 70 meters underground until it is nearly no longer radioactive some 100,000 years from now, the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) said on May 25.

NRA officials announced the strategy as forming the organization’s key policy with respect to its regulatory standards.

The low-level nuclear waste materials to be buried are those with a high degree of contamination, including parts inside the reactor that are located close to the fuel rods.

According to the policy, reactor operators will be expected to oversee the waste for a total of 300 to 400 years after it is buried — at which time they will be expected to conduct regular inspections on potential leaks of radioactive materials into the groundwater.

In order to ensure that human beings do not come anywhere near the radioactive waste materials, the government also plans to implement policies restricting nearby excavations, as well as advising that the nuclear waste not be buried near spots that have the potential for large-scale damage — including volcanoes and active faults — for at least the next 100,000 years.

The NRA will begin soliciting opinions on May 26 for a period of around one month as it aims to formulate concrete regulatory standards in this regard.

http://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20160526/p2a/00m/0na/015000c

May 26, 2016 Posted by | Japan | , , | Leave a comment

Genetic radiation risks: a neglected topic in the low dose debate.

From Chris Busby:

“This is the final version and the abstract in pubmed is new: I had to re-write it. It is far more poisonous to the nuclear industry than the previous web version. There was significant pressure on the journal from NIH to pull the paper, to remove it. I had to write to say that the paper was critical evidence in the High Court action and if they de-submitted it the issue would be a major media one and would be raised in the veterans case. Just read the new Abstract on PUBMED. Says it all.”

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the accuracy and scientific validity of the current very low risk factor for hereditary diseases in humans following exposures to ionizing radiation adopted by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation and the International Commission on Radiological Protection. The value is based on experiments on mice due to reportedly absent effects in the Japanese atomic bomb (Abomb) survivors.

METHODS:

To review the published evidence for heritable effects after ionising radiation exposures particularly, but not restricted to, populations exposed to contamination from the Chernobyl accident and from atmospheric nuclear test fallout. To make a compilation of findings about early deaths, congenital malformations, Down’s syndrome, cancer and other genetic effects observed in humans after the exposure of the parents. To also examine more closely the evidence from the Japanese A-bomb epidemiology and discuss its scientific validity.

RESULTS:

Nearly all types of hereditary defects were found at doses as low as one to 10 mSv. We discuss the clash between the current risk model and these observations on the basis of biological mechanism and assumptions about linear relationships between dose and effect in neonatal and foetal epidemiology. The evidence supports a dose response relationship which is non-linear and is either biphasic or supralinear (hogs-back) and largely either saturates or falls above 10 mSv.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that the current risk model for heritable effects of radiation is unsafe. The dose response relationship is non-linear with the greatest effects at the lowest doses. Using Chernobyl data we derive an excess relative risk for all malformations of 1.0 per 10 mSv cumulative dose. The safety of the Japanese A-bomb epidemiology is argued to be both scientifically and philosophically questionable owing to errors in the choice of control groups, omission of internal exposure effects and assumptions about linear dose response.

KEYWORDS:

Congenital malformation; Down´s syndrome; Environmental radioactivity; Internal radiation; Low level effects; Sex-ratio; Still birth

Free full text: http://e-eht.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5620/eht.e2016001

May 26, 2016 Posted by | Nuclear | , , | Leave a comment