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Fukushima criticism for unauthorized use of radiation exposure data-Interim report on Date City

According to the report, Mr. Tanaka wrote in the Yomiuri Shimbun on April 4, last year, “Even if the paper is withdrawn, the data analysis should be re-analyzed through appropriate procedures. It will be useful for estimation and reduction measures, “he said, and pointed out that Mr. Tanaka, who is in a position to relax the standards for food and air dose, may have influenced the paper.

http://www.ourplanet-tv.org/?q=node/2520 25th September 2020
Hobara Central Exchange Hall, where Mr. Miyazaki and Mr. Hayano examined “Materials for Chairman Shunichi Tanaka” on October 20, 2015

After the accident at TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, he wrote a dissertation that led to an underestimation of radiation exposure without obtaining the consent of the residents of Date City, and on the 24th, a parliamentary-style dissertation was raised. The special committee made an interim report. The researchers have severely denounced the transfer of responsibility to Date City as “an act of sin.” The report also goes into detail, pointing out the relationship with Mr. Shunichi Tanaka.

At issue are two papers published in British scientific journals between 2016 and 2017 by Professor Makoto Miyazaki of Fukushima Medical University and Professor Emeritus Ryugo Hayano of the University of Tokyo.

In February of this year, the Date City Investigation Committee released a report pointing out the suspicion of violating the Personal Information Protection Ordinance, but in response to this, the city council established a special committee to verify the city’s investigation results. It was.

Special Committee for Investigation on Provision of Radiation Exposure Data, Interim Report (Japanese only)
https://www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp/uploaded/attachment/47281.pdf

Pointed out that “hidden illegal acquisition of data”


Kunio Kikuchi, chairman of the special committee, first pointed out that the researchers did not give informed consent at all.

After accusing him of saying, “It is highly likely that he was trying to write by ignoring consent and disagreement rather than by explaining it,” he said,

“I try to avoid passing responsibility as if there is a problem with the city’s data provision.” Is an act of sin as a researcher, ” he pointed out the responsibility of the researcher.

Furthermore, regarding the fact that the “Paper Request Form” issued on August 1, 2015 in the name of the mayor was actually created in late October, to conceal the illegal acquisition of citizen data. It was pointed out that it was “work”. Although it had already been analyzed, Mr. Miyazaki formally applied to the Ethics Review Board and stated that he had obtained a doctorate, and even Mr. Miyazaki’s dissertation withdrawal comment was strict. I criticized it.

Pointed out the city’s omission of survey-Provided by flying in 2014
In addition, the report pointed out the omission of investigation by the city’s investigation committee. In the city’s investigation report, only the data provided in February 2015 and August of the same year was reported, but in December 2014, Mr. Miyazaki ignored the procedure for the then director Takahiro Hanzawa of the city. Then, I introduced the existence of an email that asked Mr. Hayano to provide data at his discretion. “Ignoring the Personal Information Protection Law, Illegal provision, assistance, and illegal acquisition,” he said.

Date City’s “Investigative Committee on Radiation Exposure Data Provision” Report (Japanese only)
https://www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp/soshiki/3/39948.html

Also mentioned the provision of analysis data to Mr. Shunichi Tanaka
In addition, the report also mentioned that the analysis data was passed on to Mr. Shunichi Tanaka, who became the city administration advisor of Date City after the accident and then became the chairman of the Nuclear Regulation Authority.

In June 2013, a person in charge of the department had a meeting with Mr. Miyazaki and Mr. Hayano about dose measurement in the meeting materials of the Nuclear Disaster Victims Life Support Team of the Cabinet Office, which is responsible for designating and canceling evacuation orders. Pointed out that the facts that are stated. On October 20, 2015, Mr. Hayano said that the analysis data had been provided to Mr. Tanaka, and that the data of Date City was provided by illegal means, which influences the national policy he suggested.

According to the report, Mr. Tanaka wrote in the Yomiuri Shimbun on April 4, last year, “Even if the paper is withdrawn, the data analysis should be re-analyzed through appropriate procedures. It will be useful for estimation and reduction measures, “he said, and pointed out that Mr. Tanaka, who is in a position to relax the standards for food and air dose, may have influenced the paper.

JPR Comments on Papers and Withdrawals
The first paper “Individual external dose monitoring of all citizens of Date City by passive dosimeter 5 to 51 months after the Fukushima NPP accident (series): 1. Comparison of individual dose with ambient dose rate monitored by aircraft surveys”

The second paper, “Individual external dose monitoring of all citizens of Date City by passive dosimeter 5 to 51 months after the Fukushima NPP accident (series): II. Prediction of lifetime additional effective dose and evaluating the effect of decontamination on individual dose”

Full article in Japanese with sources from Our Planet TV here; http://www.ourplanet-tv.org/?q=node/2520

Follow Our Planet TV on Twitter; @OurPlanetTV

September 25, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Cesium in seawater rises 4.3 times due to typhoon, investigated by Fukushima University


20 September 2020
The fact that the concentration of cesium, a radioactive substance dissolved in seawater along the coast of Fukushima Prefecture, temporarily increased by 4.3 times due to Typhoon No. 19 last fall was a specially appointed associate professor at the Fukushima University Institute for Environmental Radioactivity (Ocean). It was found in the investigation by (Chemistry) et al. Sediment runoff due to heavy rain seems to be one of the causes.


The research group collected seawater from June to October last year at a total of 25 locations near the mouth of rivers such as Tomioka Town and Iwaki City, along the coast, and offshore, and investigated the cesium concentration. In October after the typhoon passed, the average concentration at three locations near the mouths of the Tomioka, Natsui, Same, and Hikita rivers was 39 millibecquerels per liter, which was much higher than the average of 9 millibecquerels from June to September.
Cesium is attached to the sediment deposited on the bottom of the river. Associate Professor Takada analyzed that the record heavy rain caused by the typhoon caused sediment to flow out of the river into the sea, and cesium was dissolved in response to potassium ions in the seawater. It is estimated that about 30% of the increase in concentration is due to this mechanism.


Associate Professor Takada said, “Although there is a study that the amount of cesium discharged from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant is decreasing year by year, there are many unclear points about the increase in concentration derived from typhoons. Collect data and dispel rumors. I want to connect to. “
The research was published in a magazine published by the Chemical Society of America in early August.

Source;

https://www.kahoku.co.jp/tohokunews/202009/20200903_63021.html

September 20, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Church Rock Uranium Tailings Pond Breach Disaster in Navajo Nation – 40th Year

IMG_0885-1024x768@2x

by | Jul 14, 2020

Listen here

http://nuclearhotseat.com/2020/07/14/church-rock-uranium-tailings-pond-breach-40th-anniversary-special-473/

Church Rock 40th anniversary commemoration, July 16, 2019 –
former Uranium Miner Larry J. King (center) explains the site of the 1979 Church Rock uranium tailings pond breach.  This under-reported radioactive disaster dumped more than 94 million gallons of uranium-contaminated waste water into the adjacent Puerco River.  Now 41 years later, it has yet to be cleaned up
.

Church Rock Uranium Tailings Pond Spill Commemoration, July 16, 2019:  Uranium mining marks the start of the nuclear fuel chain, the deadly journey uranium takes to become atomic weapons, nuclear reactors, and tons of highly radioactive waste.  NOTE: This is a special ENCORE PRESENTATION of the 2019 40th anniversary of the disaster.

On July 13 and 14, 2019, Nuclear Hotseat’s Libbe HaLevy attended commemorative events for the 1979 Church Rock uranium tailings pond breach and spill.  This under-reported nuclear disaster dumped more than 94 million gallons of highly acidic radioactive water into the adjacent Puerco River. The contamination reached Sanders, Arizona, more than 80 miles away. The spill has never been cleaned up.  Even after being declared a Superfund site, it needs at least two years before the Nuclear Regulatory Commission finishes its review of the EPA’s clean-up plan.  Clean-up can’t even begin until and unless the plan is approved.  And even that plan has come in for criticism by activists and community members.

Church Rock – This Week’s SPECIAL Featured Interviews:

This very SPECIAL Nuclear Hotseat from July 2019, presents an audio montage of interviews with community leaders from Navajo Nation.  They include: residents of the Red Water Pond Road Community, located adjacent to the spill site; commemoration event attendees; government officials; and activists from as far away as Japan. We spoke with:

  • Former uranium miner Larry J. King, who worked on-site at the United Nuclear Corporation mine the day of the tailings pond spill

July 16, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warns about the risk of a nuclear war 10/07/20

Screenshot_2020-07-14 Russia Lavrov warns of growing nuclear war threat as US seeks 'global domination'

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said the United States wants to dominate the world and warned about the risk of a nuclear war, speaking at the international ‘Primakov Readings’ summit via videoconference in Moscow on Friday.

“”The US wants to regain global dominance and achieve victory in what they call the ‘major power rivalry’. They reject the term ‘strategic stability’ and call it ‘strategic rivalry’. They want to win this competition,” he stated.

The diplomat added that Moscow was “particularly concerned about the two-year refusal of the Americans to reassert the fundamental principle, the postulate that there can be no winners in a nuclear war, [and], accordingly, it should never be unleashed.”

He also commented on the trade war between US and China, saying that he can’t see any benefits for Russia from it.

Discussing how the coronavirus pandemic had changed the world, Lavrov said that the epidemic had “exacerbated” existing issues.

“This infection has exacerbated all the challenges and threats that existed before it began, but it hasn’t disappeared, including international terrorism. As you know, there are already some speculations when terrorists are considering how to use a virus strain or perhaps create some new strains in order to achieve their nefarious goals,” he said.

Video ID: 20200710-039

Full translation here;

Ec1Oa9qWkAA-AGREc1OqeTXgAMSTPd

July 14, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Greenpeace Luxembourg Protests against Belgian Nuclear Waste

Published on Wednesday, 10 Jun 2020

On Wednesday morning, Greenpeace Luxembourg activists held a protest in front of the Belgian Embassy against the disposal of nuclear waste at the Luxembourg border.

The activists demanded concrete measures for the abandonment of nuclear energy production and against the landfill project proposed by ONDRAF (the national body for radioactive waste and enriched fissile materials). This action follows the launch of the cross-border public consultation on the geological disposal of Belgian radioactive waste in the midst of the current health crisis.

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Outside the embassy, ​​six activists displayed a banner with the words “Enfouissement géologique des déchets radioactifs : c’est non” (no to the geological burial of radioactive waste) and symbolically piled up nuclear waste drums.

The protest followed Luxembourg’s Environment Minister Carole Dieschbourg’s announcement last month that the Belgian authorities were planning to dispose of its radioactive waste underground at the Luxembourg border. Greenpeace has maintained that ONDRAF / NIRAS presents this project on the geological disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive waste without objectively proposing the possible alternatives. The NGO also claimed that there is a lack of information on the feasibility and safety of the proposed geological disposal, as well as on the long-term costs and the environmental impact (including the cross-border impact) of such a project. Greenpeace expressed its concerns in a joint opinion of the National Action Committee against Nuclear Ppwer.

Roger Spautz, Greenpeace Nuclear Campaign Manager, insisted: “The burial of radioactive waste is a dangerous solution. At such a depth, it is impossible to manage a leak of radioactive material. If the Belgian project materialises, an accident of this type could contaminate the Luxembourg water tables and the consequences for our country would be unmanageable”.

Furthermore, Greenpeace has denounced the fact that a possible geological storage site would not be fully operational before 2100. By then, nuclear waste must be stored safely and a “temporary” alternative must be developed as early as possible. According to Roger Spautz, “it is important to develop a solid, transparent and participatory process to achieve this. There is an urgent need to carry out a thorough and independent evaluation of this research work and to discuss the priorities and corresponding budgets for the coming years in order to minimise the burden of this waste for future generations. Currently, dry storage, on the surface or subsurface, is the “least bad” solution. The fact that practically all the countries that produce nuclear waste continue to stockpile it rather indicates that there are practically no alternatives for this hazardous waste”.

The environmental organisation has called on the Luxembourg government to take action against Belgium’s project for the geological disposal of radioactive waste near the Luxembourg border and against extending the life of its reactors.

Article source https://chronicle.lu/category/environment/33038-greenpeace-luxembourg-protests-against-belgian-nuclear-waste-disposal-plans

June 11, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Gamma data missing from Hinckley radiation monitoring – EURDEP June 2020

Whilst perusing EURDEP radiation mapping after the Stack collapse and release of dust that happened earlier today

See

 

 

 

I caught these 2 screenshots From the same tab;

Screenshot_2020-06-10 Radiological Maps - European Commission

Screenshot_2020-06-10 Radiological Maps - European Commission(1)

The readings are low (The ones that can be read..

Oddly, What might have triggered the deletion of data?

Were they using contaminated crushed concrete?

Documented in any case

Awaiting further data.

Source to EURDEP monitoring https://remap.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Simple.aspx

 

Also might add this nightmare scenario to the UK nuclear threats (internal)

https://nuclear-news.net/2020/06/09/will-sellafields-nuclear-waste-waft-to-ireland-or-waft-somewhere-else-nuclearban/

Regards Shaun aka arclight2011

 

June 10, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Will Sellafields nuclear waste waft to Ireland? Or waft somewhere else? #nuclearban

…Prof Chris Busby first consulted the online NOAA Hy-Split atmospheric projection software with the same date as the EPA report and got a completely different scenario showing most of Ireland being covered with meandering waves of highly radioactive particles and gases….

REPOST due to images being hacked from page on previous version and also here is a Sellafield update; Sellafield’s 11000 cubic metres of nuclear waste – UK’s storage problem  https://nuclear-news.net/2020/06/08/sellafields-11000-cubic-metres-of-nuclear-waste-uks-storage-problem/

Introduction by Shaun McGee (aka arclight2011)

Published exclusive to nuclear-news.net (Creative Commons applies)

2 February 2018

The Irish Sellafield nuclear accident fallout projection report has some issues, in my opinion.
In December 2016 the Irish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published in Irish Media Sources a report on radioactive fallout from a “worse case” scenario.

sr8
At the time, I was in contact with the Irish EPA concerning new evidence that shows a larger health effect from radiation sources and I was trying to challenge the pro nuclear bias that underestimated the health and environmental problems using mechanisms from the EURATOM nuclear treaty in Europe. I have to say that the Irish EPA were forthcoming in their many responses to my inquiries but eventually we reached a stale mate as the EPA claimed that the specific Isotopes relevant to the Euratom Treaty are not to be found in Ireland with the exception of Iodine 131 which they claimed was unlikely to be a health problem. They said that other fission (from a nuclear reactor) isotopes were not found on the island of Ireland.
The 2016 report from the Irish EPA (link) shows, what I think, is a minimal dispersion of radioactive fallout with little impact to health or the environment. However, there are other reports of fallout plumes from the Sellafield site that show much worse contamination than the 2016 EPA report posits and I requested Prof Chris Busby (who had been involved with Irish activists and government groups concerning Sellafield) to do a report (Full report below) on the problems that seemed to be highlighted with the Irish EPA report.
Prof Chris Busby first consulted the online NOAA Hy-Split atmospheric projection software with the same date as the EPA report and got a completely different scenario showing most of Ireland being covered with meandering waves of highly radioactive particles and gases. He then consulted 2 other reports, one of which the Irish Government commissioned that was completed by 2014 using the European gold standard software fallout projection model that showed a large plume covering large sways of Ireland (reaching the south west coast).
It would seem that the 2016 report completely runs counter to the 2014 and earlier report as well as the Hy-Split projection whilst using the same date as the 2016 Irish report.
So the issue of the types of accident that the Irish EPA thought to be worse case scenario. A direct hit by a Meteorite was seen to be plausible but if a meteorite hit sellafield then much of the nuclear site would be lofted high into the atmosphere and more evenly spread around the globe. This would fudge the numbers for plumes that are moving nearer the ground.
No where in the report was the more likely and and more dangerous scenario of terrorists attacking the spent fuel pools causing low altitude fallout over many weeks that would cause a larger pollution incident that would effect local countries to the UK border such as Ireland, Norway etc.In fact such concerns have been reported in main stream media sources as well as government/private think tanks.

Thanks to Prof Chris Busby for taking the time off his busy schedule to compile a response to the Irish EPA report on Sellafields projected damage to Ireland.

Please feel free to leave a comment belowif you agree or disagree with any of the points raised, a discussion about this issue needs to be had.

Shaun McGee (aka arclight2011)

………………………………………………………………………………..

Conclusion to report

The EPA 2016 report is unsafe and cannot be relied upon by the public, the media or administrators. The anonymous authors have shown extraordinary bias in every aspect of the report. They made elementary mistakes in their source term listing of isotopes, by including those which had short half-lives and will clearly not have been present in any significant concentration. They omitted a whole series of nuclides which are present in the tanks and the fuel pools. They choose a source term which is demonstrably too low based on available data, they choose a worst-case accident which involves only one HAST tank and only Caesium-137. They omit mentioning the spent fuel pools which are a highly likely site of a major coolant loss and subsequent fire or explosion. Their air modelling results are extremely unusual with implausibly narrow plumes, whilst a NOAA HYSPLIT model for the same day shows a completely different dispersion covering most of highly populated Ireland. Their surface contamination levels are 200 times lower than a previous computer model by Dr Taylor, which they must have had access to, and they fail to calculate the increased levels of cancer in the exposed population. This has been rectified here.

Historic releases from Sellafield to the Irish Sea have caused measurable increases in cancer and leukemia in coastal populations of Ireland. There is no doubt that the existence of Sellafield represents a potential catastrophic danger to the Irish Republic. A serious accident there could destroy the country and also most of Britain. As the Chernobyl accident effects showed, and the Fukushima accident effects will reveal (and in the case of Thyroid cancer have revealed) the ICRP risk model is unsafe for explaining or predicting health effects from such contamination. The Authors of the EPA 2016 report should be sanctioned in some way for producing such a travesty of the real picture, especially since they will have had access to the earlier study and modelling by Peter Taylor and the details of the COSYMA model employed by him.

Christopher Busby

August 17th 2017

Using recognised plume projection software for same day

sr7

UK version given to Irish EPA for same day

sr2

…………………………………………………………………….

The health impact on Ireland of a severe accident at Sellafield.

A criticism of the report “Potential radiological impact on Ireland of postulated severe accidents at Sellafield” Anon. (Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland: September 2016) with a re-assessment of the range of health outcomes.

Christopher Busby PhD

There are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say there are things that we now know we don’t know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we do not know we don’t know.

Donald Rumsfeld

Murphy’s Law is an adage or epigram that is typically stated as:

Anything that can go wrong will go wrong.

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murphy%27s_law]

Introduction

The nuclear complex at Sellafield in Cumbria, UK, has always represented a real danger to the Republic of Ireland. There has been and remains a chronic danger to the people of the East Coast of Ireland. First, radioactivity released from Sellafield under licence to the Irish Sea, particularly in the 1970s did not, as had been hoped, dilute and disperse in the sea, but instead became attached to sediment particles along the coasts and inlets of Ireland (e.g. Carlingford Lough, Drogheda) and the particles represented a cause of cancer and illnesses in coastal populations and those exposed through eating fish and shellfish. A court case (Herr and Ors. Vs BNFL) was supported by the Irish State and my organisation was funded by the Irish State for 3 years from 1998 to examine the contamination and health issue. Green Audit examined the cancer rates in small areas in North and mid Wales, and also in Ireland by distance from the contaminated coasts. Results were published in Busby 2006 and showed that there had been a significant 30% increase in cancer and leukemia in coastal populations of the Irish Sea [1]. The second issue of continuing interest is the danger of a serious accident at Sellafield at a time when the wind direction is from the East and airborne material passes across Ireland. This issue became more urgent and of interest to the Irish public after the Fukushima Daiichi reactor explosions and melt-downs in Japan in 2011. However, the potential outcome of such an accident had been part of a report by Peter Taylor [2] written in 1999 for McGuill and Company, the solicitors representing the Herr and Ors vs. BNFL case which was abandoned by the Irish State for reasons which remain unclear.

In September 2016, a report was produced by the EPA Office of Radiological Protection entitled Potential radiological impact on Ireland of postulated severe accidents at Sellafield. [3]. This anonymous report has serious shortcomings and errors which will be addressed here. A more realistic assessment of the potential impact of a serious accident at Sellafield on the Republic of Ireland will be presented here using the radiological risk models both of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP, [4]) and also the Model of the European Committee on Radiation Risk (ECRR [5]).

 

2. The baseline assumptions of maximum release.

2.1 The EPA worst case.

The EPA report discussed some possible accidents involving releases of radionuclides. It examined some potential sources of radionuclides but not others. It chose a number of possible scenarios, but excluded others. In general terms (and referring to Murphy’s Law, appropriately in this case of Ireland) it could not assess accidents which are totally unforeseen. Therefore, also in general, we should consider a worst case-scenario in which most of the radioactivity inventory of the Sellafield site becomes airborne at a time when the weather patterns were most unfavourable for Ireland.

For example, in Busby 2007 [1] the Windscale reactor fire was examined in some detail. At the time of the fire, which continued for some days, the main releases were initially offshore towards Ireland. This is contrary to the discourse promoted by the British Radiological Protection Board in 1974. It is, however confirmed by Air Ministry historical data. But the point is that at the time a cold front laying North East to South West was moving from Ireland towards England across the Irish Sea. This meant the releases from the fire and heavy radioactive rain fell along the front. This rain fell on the Isle of Man, and historical mortality data show a large increase in the death rate after this event. There have also been reports of significant birth effects (Downs Syndrome cluster) in County Louth reported by the Irish GP Patricia Sheehan, who died in an automobile accident shortly after beginning to follow this up.

In order to estimate the effects of a worst case, initially there must be a choice of the source term, that is, the quantity and radionuclide identity of the material released to the atmosphere.

The EPA report decided that this could be modelled as the contents of one of the 21 High Active Storage Tanks (HAST). The true content of one of these is unknown, probably also to the operators BNFL. The estimate for the contents was taken from a report by Turvey and Hone [6]. This is shown in Table 1 below where I note a number of concerns. In Table 2 I provide examples of some hazardous radionuclides not listed in the EPA source term table. In Table 3 I copy the source terms used by the British 1976 Royal Commission (the Flowers Report) [7]. Note that all these estimates are for a single or multiple HAST tanks on the tank farm and exclude explosions of the spent fuel ponds which could dry up and suffer prompt criticality. This could result from a domino scenario (see below).

Table 1 EPA assumed release source term. (E-notation, thus 1 x 1014 is written 1 E+14_

Radio

nuclide

Total activity Bq

Half Life

Comment

Zr-95

1.4 E+15

64days

All decayed away; almost none there

Nb-95

5.8 E+14

35 days

Daughter of Zr-95; all decayed away; none there

Ru-106

1.33 E+16

366 days

All decayed away; almost none there

Sb-125

1.6 E+15

2.7 years

All decayed away; almost none there

Cs-134

1.04 E+16

2.0 years

All decayed away; almost none there

Cs-137

5.26 E+17

30 years

Significant

Ce-144

9.65 E+15

284 days

All decayed away; almost none there

Eu-154

4.41 E+15

8.5years

Minor significance now

Eu-155

3.39 E+15

5 years

Minor significance now

Sr-90

3.6 E+17

28.8 years

Highly Significant; DNA seeker

Am-241

2.72 E+15

432 years

Highly Significant alpha; decays to Np-237 alpha; daughter of Plutonium-241

Cm-242

4.57 E+13

162 days

All decayed away; almost none there

Cm-243

1.92 E+14

32 years

Highly Significant alpha; decays to Plutonium-239, so there must be approximately the same or more Plutonium-239 (fissionable) in the mix

2.2 Concerns about the source term table of the EPA 2016 report

Table 1 gives the source terms employed by the EPA report. It lists 13 isotopes. The table is an astonishing example of bad science, produced either through bias or ignorance. Since the table is apparently taken from another report by Turvey and Hone 2000, we can perhaps blame them for the original mistakes. I have included a column showing the half-lives of their isotopes. The main concerns are as follows:


It is perfectly clear than all but four of the thirteen will have physically decayed away by 2016. For example, a half life of Zr-95 of 65 days, at 1980 would by now have had 36 x 365 days to decay. This is 202 half-lives. There would be virtually none left of the listed quantity.
A significant number of seriously hazardous radionuclides which must be in the tanks are not listed. In particular we have Plutonium-239, Plutonium- 238, Plutonium-241, Uranium and other actinide alpha emitters including Neptunium-237, Radium-226, Carbon-14 and Tritium.
The overall total activity tabulated the EPA report is about 4 times less than the quantity in a HAST tank given in the report of the UK Royal Commission 1976 (Flowers) and the 1977 Windscale Enquiry which totalled 1.8 x 1018 Becquerels of Caesium-137 plus 1.4 x 1018 Bq of Strontium-90 plus 1.1 x 1018 Bq of Ruthenium-106 [8].
Why did the EPA report reduce the quantities assumed by the earlier reports? Why did it omit the dangerous actinides Uranium, Plutonium and Neptunium with the exception of Americium-241? Why did it omit a whole range of other radionuclides like Tritium and Carbon-14?

Table 2 Some Missing isotopes from the EPA Source term with longer half-lives or present as daughters

Isotope

Half Life

U-238

4.5 E+9y

Alpha

U-235

7.1 E+8y

Alpha

U-234

2.4 E+5y

Alpha

Th-230

8 E+4y

Alpha

Ra-226

1599y

Alpha

Pu-238

86.4y

Alpha

Pu-239

2.4 E+4y

Alpha

Pu-241

14.4y

Decays to Am-241 listed by EPA

Np-237

2.1 E+6y

Am-241 daughter

Mn-54

312d

Activation

Co-60

5.27y

Activation

Y-90

64h

In equilibrium with Sr-90

H-3

12.3y

Life component; radioactive water

C-14

5730y

Life component

Table 3 HAST tank content according to Windscale Enquiry 1977 and Royal Commission 1976

Isotope
Quantity(Bq)
Cs-137
1.8 E+18
Sr-90 + Y-90
2.8 E+18
Ru-106
1.1 E+18

2.3 The more accurate source terms for HAST tanks

Taylor 1999 [2] based his calculations on only Cs-137 and assumed a source term of 1 x 1018 Bq. Therefore, his results (which I will review below) should be adjusted by a factor of 1.8 on the basis of the Table 3 results, but particularly also modified upwards by the presence of the Sr-90/Y-90 and the actinides, the Plutonium, Uranium, Radium and Americium, which, though they are present in smaller quantities each carry a weighting of 20 due to their alpha biological effectiveness. Thus the quantity of 2.72 E+15 listed by EPA in Table 1 has the effect (in Sieverts) of 5.44 E+16 due to its alpha emission.

2.4 The spent fuel pools

In addition to HAST tank scenarios, there has been reported the existence [ 9: http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_analysis/2611216/leaked_sellafield_photos_reveal_massive_radioactive_release_threat.html%5D in a very dangerous state, a series of concrete spent fuel pools containing hundreds of tons of spent fuel. Loss of integrity of these tanks (drying up) would result in meltdown and prompt criticality with explosive distribution and burning of the spent fuel elements.

The approximate activity inventory of a spent fuel assembly for a Boiling Water Reactor is available from Alvarez 2014 [10] and the EIA for a Pressurized Water reactor fuel assembly from the Swedish Forsmark High Level Waste repository documents [11]. Therefore these are not exactly the same as the assemblies in the Sellafield pools. However, they will not be very different. The radioactive elements and their activity is given in Table 5 [Ref 5,6] .

Continue reading

June 9, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Caring about Cancer? A UK and Irish perspective

Just in case you missed this..
Support Cancer Research UK. Not the corporations!

nuclear-news

“This means that no new research projects will be funded for at least the first 6 months of this financial year.” Cancer Research UK statement 16th April 2020

In these turbulent financial times many NGO`s and charities are straining at the hilt. Our hearts and minds are with the health workers, world wide that are dealing with this epidemic.

Especially thank you to the Chinese Nurses and Doctors who lost their lives as they negotiated the first complicated month of the pandemic and drew up the first protocols that saved so many western health workers lives. Namaste!

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Picture courtesy of the Express UK

One such Charity is Cancer Research UK who have a shortfall in their annual funding. Here is what they had to say on the matter;

Our shops have closed, our mass fundraising events have stopped, legacies have reduced. We expect our fundraising income to fall by at…

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June 6, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Caring about Cancer? A UK and Irish perspective

“This means that no new research projects will be funded for at least the first 6 months of this financial year.” Cancer Research UK statement 16th April 2020

In these turbulent financial times many NGO`s and charities are straining at the hilt. Our hearts and minds are with the health workers, world wide that are dealing with this epidemic.

Especially thank you to the Chinese Nurses and Doctors who lost their lives as they negotiated the first complicated month of the pandemic and drew up the first protocols that saved so many western health workers lives. Namaste!

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Picture courtesy of the Express UK

One such Charity is Cancer Research UK who have a shortfall in their annual funding. Here is what they had to say on the matter;

Our shops have closed, our mass fundraising events have stopped, legacies have reduced. We expect our fundraising income to fall by at least 20–25% in the next financial year as a direct result of this pandemic – a reduction of around £120m.

So, the UK Government has bailed out many business`s recently. Here is a breakdown of that; (Thxs to Afshin Rattansi from Going Underground for these  stats)

NEW: UK state-aid coronavirus bailouts:

John Lewis £300m

Marks & Spencer £260m

Greggs £150m

Intercontinental Hotels £600m 

£300m each to Privatized bus co. FirstGroup Privatized bus co. Stagecoach

Nissan £600m

Toyota £365m (Brexit bribe?)

Ryanair/Easyjet £600m

Privatized BA £300m    

At the same time there are calls for £100m to go towards a Yacht for the Queen;

 

The difficulties for CRUK are looking grim. Here is a few quotes from the latest report they have submitted (From April 2020)

“This means that no new research projects will be funded for at least the first 6 months of this financial year.”

And concerning the funds they have been offered;

“But right now, it’s not clear whether Cancer Research UK will be able to access this fund to support our work,”

Full report here;

Protecting our future by taking action now: why we’re making cuts to our research funding

So whilst a confused and beleaguered British public are left with mixed messaging from their leaders, Irish cancer treatments are going ahead fairly normally;

Ireland, a country that didn`t run its medical staff raged

“Are you currently getting treatment for cancer? We understand that you might be worried about attending hospital. But it is very important that you continue to attend for your treatment.”

Source for that here;

https://www.hse.ie/eng/services/list/5/cancer/news/cancer%20treatment%20during%20covid-19.html

And Alzheimers sufferers are under strain because the UK couldn`t organise a party in a brothel (actually this particular observation may need some fact checking by a reporter :/) .

Extra 10,000 dementia deaths in England and Wales in April;

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/05/covid-19-causing-10000-dementia-deaths-beyond-infections-research-says?CMP=share_btn_tw

 

For any Journalists and bloggers you can use this blogpost as you will. Give CRUK and the HSE Ireland a shout out though. And lastly, another little reported health funding problem is the UN Yemen appeal that is seriously underfunded. I will link to the most recent UN video covering this. I will not comment on what I think the Saudi Dr is messaging to the world but the under-funding issue is well described by the UN representative Mark Lowcock.

Source for that rabbit hole here;

 

Reported by Shaun McGee

Reported on Nuclear-news.net

5th June 2020

June 5, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Criirad final report on Chernobyl Fires – Recommendations and findings

Images satellites NASA / FIRMS /Période du 14 au 15 avril 2020 (4H GMT)

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NASA 1 satellite images updated April 15, 2020 at 4:00 GMT (see illustrations) confirm what Ukrainian authorities announced yesterday that the recent rains and the action of firefighters have led to the arrest of the fires which were a few hundred meters from the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl. As the satellite image of the region shows, most of the fires that affected the contaminated areas are resolved but some limited foci persist. CRIIRAD will maintain its surveillance.
These fires resulted in a one-time increase of more than 700 times 2 in the concentration of cesium 137 in the air of the city of Kiev located more than 100 kilometers south of the Chernobyl power plant. Of many questions remain about the radiological impact of these fires for firefighters, local residents as well as the safety of nuclear installations and waste storage in the exclusion zone. The recurrence of fires in contaminated areas also raises questions about the means of prevention and management implemented to limit these repeated releases of radioactivity, just like on the absence of air radioactivity control beacons in the most exposed inhabited areas.

See all CRIIRAD press releases on the dedicated page:
http://balises.criirad.org/actuTchernobyl2020.html
Impact on France
With regard to the impact on French territory, as indicated in our press release of April 8, the modeling suggests that air masses from the Chernobyl area may have reached
French territory at the start of last week, but with very low and difficult levels of contamination to measure.
As indicated in our press release of April 14, the analysis of the filter for the radioactivity monitoring beacon atmosphere operated by CRIIRAD in Montélimar (Drôme, Rhône valley) confirmed that over the period from 3 as of April 10, the volume activity of cesium 137 in ambient air remained very low, below the limits of detection (<6 μBq / m 3).
The same observations are made for the Romans-sur-Isère tag (Drôme): the analysis of the aerosol filter that night for the period from April 5 to April 14 (morning) does not show cesium 137 above the limit of detection (<13 μBq / m 3).
This means that the traces of cesium 137 necessarily present in the atmosphere are lower than detection capabilities of the measurement means implemented by CRIIRAD. These detection limits are different for these two analyzes because the Montélimar filter counted the entire weekend, 300,000 seconds, which is not the case for the pre-counting of the Romans filter.
Editing: Bruno Chareyron, nuclear physics engineer, director of the CRIIRAD laboratory, with the participation of Jérémie Motte, head of the beacons service and Stéphane Patrigeon, metrologist technician.

Document source https://balises.criirad.org/pdf/200415_CPCRIIRAD_Radioactivite_incendies_Tchernobyl.pdf

 

 

April 15, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Increased Strontium in Sardines since Fukushima Accident?

As the Chernobyl forest fires seem to be releasing Strontium 90 into the atmosphere, I thought I would remind people of the little known story of Strontium 90 in JAPAN.. READ ON

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Dogs fed sardines show high Strontium levels
by Dr. Peter Dobias, DVM
Why you might want to cut out small fish from your dog’s diet

I have had two dog patients with severely elevated levels of the element strontium. The interesting part is that these two dogs were fed a high amount of sardines and I highly suspect that strontium is coming from this source.

Strontium acts in the body the same way as calcium and deposits in bones. Sardines and other small fish are eaten whole with the bones and that is why they are more likely a source of this toxic element.

The reason why I am concerned is that the radioactive isotope strontium 90 is a toxic carcinogen and it has been released in Japan’s Fukushima disaster.

Here is an example of the results:

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As a veterinarian, I source from almost three decades of experience, but still I like…

View original post 130 more words

April 12, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

What is causing the Chernobyl Wildfires? Year on Year, mostly in the Summer. Fukushima forests future?

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Hint….

Highly reduced mass loss rates and increased litter layer in radioactively contaminated areas

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Abstract

The effects of radioactive contamination from Chernobyl on decomposition of plant material still remain unknown. We predicted that decomposition rate would be reduced in the most contaminated sites due to an absence or reduced densities of soil invertebrates. If microorganisms were the main agents responsible for decomposition, exclusion of large soil invertebrates should not affect decomposition. In September 2007 we deposited 572 bags with uncontaminated dry leaf litter from four species of trees in the leaf litter layer at 20 forest sites around Chernobyl that varied in background radiation by more than a factor 2,600. Approximately one quarter of these bags were made of a fine mesh that prevented access to litter by soil invertebrates. These bags were retrieved in June 2008, dried and weighed to estimate litter mass loss. Litter mass loss was 40 % lower in the most contaminated sites relative to sites with a normal background radiation level for Ukraine. Similar reductions in litter mass loss were estimated for individual litter bags, litter bags at different sites, and differences between litter bags at pairs of neighboring sites differing in level of radioactive contamination. Litter mass loss was slightly greater in the presence of large soil invertebrates than in their absence. The thickness of the forest floor increased with the level of radiation and decreased with proportional loss of mass from all litter bags. These findings suggest that radioactive contamination has reduced the rate of litter mass loss, increased accumulation of litter, and affected growth conditions for plants.

Source ; https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00442-014-2908-8

Will this happen in the forests of Fukushima as well?

More Independent analysis from a French NGO that is monitoring the situation in Ukraine with an unbiased and with authoritative risk assessment for the public. Link to CRIIRAD report here;

https://nuclear-news.net/2020/04/12/criirad-monitoring-kiev-nuclear-risk-of-chernobyl-radioactive-plumes-strontium90-plutonium-cesium137-134/

April 12, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Julian Assange family finally speak out!

During Julian Assanges trial the threat of publishing Julians private family details for public scrutiny was used (and could yet be upheld) in the UK courtroom.

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Now his family decide to break their privacy to let us all know more of the full ramifications of the persecution of Julian Assange. Watch this video, it is now part of our shared history.

April 12, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

CRIIRAD monitoring Kiev nuclear risk of Chernobyl radioactive plumes #Strontium90 #Plutonium #Cesium137/134

Fires in contaminated areas
Still no worries for France but the situation is getting worse around Chernobyl

Next report Tuesday 14th 2020

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The fires in the highly contaminated area of ​​Polesskoye, located some 50 km west of
the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, are still active, but other fires have developed during the week, in the heart of the 30 kilometer zone. The fire in the Korogodsky forest is thus located only a few kilometers from the damaged reactor (see illustration above).


Besides the resuspension in the atmosphere of cesium 137 accumulated in the biomass (and probably also plutonium and strontium 90), questions arise about the safety of nuclear installations. The April 9, Ukrainian authorities 1 said: “Large-scale fires can threaten security in the region as well as the facilities located in the exclusion zone where the radioactive waste, used nuclear fuel and the Chernobyl nuclear power plant ”and“ Due to the heavy smoke, it is impossible to precisely determine the area affected by the fire, which, according to preliminary, may be 100 ha ‘.
According to the DAZV agency, the State Agency in charge of the Management of the Forbidden Zone 2, the gamma dose rates measured by sensors located in areas close to fires have fluctuation levels usual.

But the concentration of cesium 137 in the air in the heart of the prohibited area is high. The maximum value of 54 microbecquerels per cubic meter published on April 9 by this agency corresponds to a measurement on a sensor which is not necessarily the most exposed. The theoretical values ​​for cesium 137 calculated by modeling 3 could indeed exceed a priori by place the 30 Bq / m 3. The agency said on April 9 that the admissible doses would not be exceeded for firefighters, provided that they wear protective respiratory gear.
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As indicated in our previous press release 4, the contaminated plumes first headed for the
south towards the city of Kiev. According to the models carried out by the Ukrainian services, the increases theoretical maximum point doses of the activity of cesium 137 in air had been evaluated at 2 mBq / m 3
for April 8. The samples taken in Kiev on April 8 by the Ukrainian services 5 showed values between 5 and 7 mBq / m 3 between 12.25pm ​​and 4.35pm. These are values ​​several hundred times higher than laughs at the level of background noise. The induced doses remain effectively low for the inhabitants of Kiev.
But the impact is cumulative and the fires are not extinguished.
The models of the contaminated plumes put online by the Ukrainian specialized services indicate trajectories towards north 6 of Ukraine from 9 to 10 April, then again towards Kiev 7, from 10 to April 11. Extracts from the official models are reproduced below (activity of cesium 137 in air).
Plume simulations contaminated by cesium 137 (extracts) – Source: OSTC
CRIIRAD is monitoring the situation closely.
In France, as expected, the measurements carried out live by the warning beacons operated by CRIIRAD in Rhône valley (for example in Montélimar) did not show an increase in the radioactivity of atmospheric dust. The gamma probe located in Geneva did not reveal any anomalies.

The CRIIRAD proceeded however this morning April 10 to a sample of aerosol filter on one of the beacons in order to verify, with much higher precision than live measurements allow, as the concentration of cesium 137 in the air masses potentially impacted by the first fires remains very low (this as indicated by the models).
The results will be posted online on Tuesday at https://balises.criirad.org/

Source for blogpost (In French) content;

Click to access 2020-04-10_CPCRIIRAD_Incendies_Tchernobyl2.pdf

April 12, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Satellite Imagery of Chernobyl Fires April 8 & 9 2020 – NASA

#NASA images show continuing spread of fires in high-radiation #Chernobyl zone from April 8 to April 9

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Source; https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146561/fires-burn-in-northern-ukraine

April 11, 2020 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment