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Fukushima evacuations were not worth the money, study says

For sure such gibberish pseudo-scientific study, totally biased, must have been financed by the nuclear lobby to completely whitewash the Japanese Government failure to take the necessary real measures to adequately and effectively protect the eastern Japan population ( 50 millions people) from the effects of the March 2011 Fukushima explosions’ radioactive plumes, then from the radionuclides loaded gases released by Fukushima Daiichi for the past 5 years continuously contaminating the people, their living environment, plus their food and water supply.

Furthermore it chooses deliberately to ignore all the scientific studies made in the past 50 years about the harmful effects of radiation on various living species.

At the time on March 2011, the US Embassy in Tokyo had advised the Japanese Government to evacuate all the population within a 50-mile radius zone.  To not avail as the Japanese Government chose to evacuate only within a  12 to 19-mile radius zone ,  evacuating  in the end only 160,000 residents instead of the 2 millions residents as advised by the US Embassy.

 

 

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A gate is shut at the evacuation zone in Namie, Fukushima Prefecture, on Feb. 14. In such places, the scars are still obvious and many evacuees who fled are unwilling to return.

Fukushima evacuations were not worth the money, study says

LONDON – The costs of evacuating residents from near the Fukushima No. 1 plant and the dislocation the people experienced were greater than their expected gain in longevity, a British study has found.

The researchers found that at best evacuees could expect to live eight months longer, but that some might gain only one extra day of life. They said this does not warrant ripping people from their homes and communities.

The team of experts from four British universities developed a series of tests to examine the relocations after the Fukushima crisis and earlier Chernobyl disaster in 1986.

After a three-year study, the academics have concluded that Japan “overreacted” by relocating 160,000 residents of Fukushima Prefecture, even though radioactive material fell on more than 30,000 sq. km of territory.

“We judged that no one should have been relocated in Fukushima, and it could be argued this was a knee-jerk reaction,” said Philip Thomas, a professor of risk management at Bristol University. “It did more harm than good. An awful lot of disruption has been caused However, this is with hindsight and we are not blaming the authorities.”

The team used a wide range of economic and actuarial data, as well as information from the United Nations and the Japanese government.

In one test, an assessment of judgment value, the researchers calculated how many days of life expectancy were saved by relocating residents away from areas affected by radiation.

They compared this with the cost of relocation and how much this expenditure would impact the quality of people’s lives in the future.

From this information, they were able to work out the optimal or rational level of spending and make a judgment on the best measures to mitigate the effects of a nuclear accident.

Depending on how close people were to the radiation, the team calculated that the relocations added a period of between one day to 21 days to the evacuees’ lives.

But when this was compared with the vast amounts of money spent, the academics came to the conclusion that it was unjustified in all cases.

In some areas, they calculated that 150 times more money was being spent than was judged rational.

Thomas adds, the tests do not take into account the physical and psychological effects of relocating, which have been shown to have led to more than 1,000 deaths among elderly evacuees.

Other studies have also found that once people have lived away for a certain period of time it can become increasingly difficult to persuade them to return.

After Chernobyl, the world’s worst nuclear disaster, around 116,000 people were initially relocated away from the disaster zone.

Looking back on the incident, the team judged it was only worthwhile to relocate 31,000 people because they would have lost in excess of 8.7 months in life expectancy had they remained.

However, for the rest of the 116,000 people, it would have been a more rational decision to keep them where they were, given that their average loss of life was put at three months.

Four years later, a further 220,000 people were relocated from areas close to Chernobyl. Researchers found this unjustified.

Thomas says the loss in life expectancy following a nuclear accident has to be put into context alongside other threats all people face.

For example, it has been claimed that the average Londoner will lose about 4½ months in life expectancy due to high pollution levels.

Thomas concludes governments should carry out a more careful assessment before mounting a relocation operation of at least a year. A temporary evacuation could be a good idea while authorities work out the risk from radiation, he said.

In the future, Thomas would like to see more real-time information made available to the public on radiation levels in order to avoid hysteria and bad planning.

On a plus note, the team found that other remedial measures — decontaminating homes, deep ploughing of soil and bans on the sales of certain food products — were far more effective.

Thomas has already discussed his findings with colleagues at the University of Tokyo and he is keen that his findings can help better quantify the risks from radioactive leaks.

The project was sponsored by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Britain’s main agency for funding research in engineering and the physical sciences. It was intended to give advice for nuclear planners both in Britain and India.

The research team comprised specialists from City University in London, Manchester University, the Open University and Warwick University.

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/03/14/national/fukushima-evacuations-were-not-worth-the-money-study-says/#.Vuhh6XomySo

March 15, 2016 Posted by | Fukushima 2016 | , , , | Leave a comment

March 15 Energy News

geoharvey

World:

¶ Brazil’s power sector regulator Aneel has authorized three wind energy plants, with a combined capacity of 60.1 MW, to start commercial operations. According to Brazil’s Ministry of Planning, the investment totalled more than BRL 284.7 million ($78.5 million, €70.7 million). [SeeNews Renewables]

Brazilian wind farm. Author: Carla Wosniak. License: Creative Commons, Attribution 2.0 Generic Brazilian wind farm. Author: Carla Wosniak.
License: Creative Commons, Attribution 2.0 Generic

¶ Climate laws will be tightened to cut carbon emissions effectively to zero, the UK’s government said. Under current law, emissions must be cut of by 80% by 2050, but ministers said it is clear the UK must not increase CO2 at all because the warming threat is so severe. [BBC]

¶ Uruguay went from having virtually no wind generation in 2007 to become a double world-record holder in less than a decade. By 2013, it was receiving the largest share of clean energy investment as a percentage of GDP…

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Dangerous Alpha Radiation Surface Contamination on Toshiba Shipment; Workers Burned at Toshiba Facility in South Carolina – Same Facility Separate Events

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Westinghouse is now a Toshiba (Japan) subsidiary. It is 87% Toshiba owned; 10% Kazatomprom (Kazakhstan State owned), and 3% IHI (Japan) owned.

The first US NRC “event” apparently has to do with down-blending of [Obama’s beloved] HEU (highly enriched uranium) and LEU (low enriched uranium) recovery. Some of the containers for the radioactive material shipped from South Carolina to Tennessee had high levels of alpha radiation on the outside. The highest was 106 Bq (disintegrations, shots, per second) per 100 sq cm (i.e. 10 x 10 cm or 4 x 4 inches). Nuclear is lethal through its entire fuel chain. Any one of these shots can cause genetic damage, which may or may not be properly repaired, and which can thus lead to cancer or other diseases, which may sometimes even be inherited. Alpha emitters are particularly damaging and thus difficult to repair.

How much, if any, of this radioactive…

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March 14 Energy News

geoharvey

World:

¶ Sixteen US ships that participated in relief efforts after Japan’s nuclear disaster five years ago remain contaminated with low levels of radiation from the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, top Navy officials told Stars and Stripes. A total of 25 ships took part in Operation Tomadachi. [Stripes Japan]

Operation Tomadachi delivering supplies. Photo by Lance Cpl. Mark Stroud. Public domain photo, Marine Corps. Wikimedia Commons. Operation Tomadachi delivering supplies. Photo by Lance Cpl. Mark Stroud. Public domain photo, Marine Corps. Wikimedia Commons.

¶ The recent years have seen the demand for smart microgrids surge to unprecedented levels. This spike in demand is attributable to the growing share of renewable energy in the global energy matrix. Transparency Market Research has issued a report on the global smart microgrid market. [Industry Today]

¶ Connective Energy Holdings Limited, of Donegal, Ireland, has announced they will create 90 jobs over the next two years by using anaerobic digesters to turn manure into bio-gas…

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As a Minister and Member of Parliament “I was Never Told the Truth by the Nuclear Industry”, Tony Benn (3 April 1925-14 March 2014)

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Anthony Neil Wedgwood (Tony) Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014) was a Member of the British Parliament (MP) for 47 years between 1950 and 2001, and served as Minister of Technology (1966-1970), Secretary of State for Industry (1974-75) and for Energy (1975-79). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Benn Thus, he was a Member of Parliament during the Windscale fire of 10 October 1957.

Tony Benn speaking in the British Parliament:
The real reason why I want to contribute to the debate is because of the nuclear industry, for which I had responsibility for many years. Recent events at Sellafield confirm what I learned by experience; even as a Minister–let alone a Member of Parliament–I was never told the truth by the nuclear industry. For example, I found out about the fire at Windscale–now called Sellafield–only when I visited Tokyo. My officials had never told me about it. When I asked them why…

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Europe’s False Solutions for Ukraine’s Energy Woes

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From Bankwatch.org:
Bankwatch.org Ukraine Nuclear Pressure gages
Europe’s false solutions for Ukraine’s energy woes
Current EU support is not just a distraction from the energy path Ukraine needs to take, it also puts countless communities in Ukraine and abroad at risk.

by Iryna Holovko, Ukrainian energy campaigner
March 9, 2016

European decision makers had good intentions, but in their efforts to help ensure Ukraine’s energy security, especially in turbulent times like these, they have been continuously overlooking the far reaching implications of perpetuating the country’s dependence on outdated nuclear power.

Two years after the Euromaidan protest, the bond between Ukraine and the EU never seemed stronger, and recognising the poor state of the country’s nuclear power plants could not be more urgent.

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and Euratom – each extended EUR 300 million in loans for improving the safety of Ukraine’s 12 nuclear energy units – had also practically…

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Former Labour MP Tony Benn on how Britain Secretly Helped Israel Build Its Nuclear Arsenal

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Tony Benn Democracy Now March 10 2006
Interview starts at 10 min: http://youtu.be/_c5CAO8X5Fw
From DemocracyNow.org:
“FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 2006
Former Labour MP Tony Benn on how Britain Secretly Helped Israel Build Its Nuclear Arsenal

We have an extended conversation with Tony Benn, one of Britain’s most distinguished politicians and the longest serving MP in the history of the Labour party. Benn discusses the new revelations the British government helped Israel build the atom bomb. Benn also speaks about U.S. and U.K. relations, extraordinary rendition, Guantanamo Bay, torture, religion, and the state of the media. [includes rush transcript]

BBC News revealed Thursday the British government secretly supplied Israel with hundreds of chemical shipments in the 1960’s, despite fears the chemicals could be used to develop nuclear weapons. Analysts say the shipments, which included plutonium, helped speed up Israel’s acquisition of an atomic bomb. All told, the BBC reported the British chemicals could have been used to produce bombs…

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