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NRC Defines Risk Terms in a New Glossary

My new comments have been added, enjoy!

U.S. NRC Blog

John Nakoski
Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research
Division of Risk Analysis

As with many subjects, when you’re talking about Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) terms, it can get confusing when the same terms mean different things. To reduce this confusion, the NRC’s Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research decided to produce a glossary of risk-related terms.

glossaryIn November 2013, we published NUREG-2122, “Glossary of Risk-Related Terms in Support of Risk-Informed Decisionmaking.” This glossary provides a single source for definitions of terms used in risk-informed activities. This document clarifies the terms and provides the proper context for using them. For example, the glossary defines the word “assumption” as “a decision or judgment that is made in the development of a model or analysis.” It then describes how “assumption” is used within the context of a PRA.

We developed the list of terms by first reviewing documents used to support risk-informed activities…

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March 18, 2014 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Censorship of scientific findings on Fukushima radiation

censorshipNYTimes: Gov’t scientist not allowed to publish findings that Fukushima cesium-137 levels could be 10,000 times higher than after Chernobyl in Pacific surface waters — Japan researchers pressured to downplay disaster’s impact — Professors obstructed when data might cause public concern

New York Times,, Mar. 16, 2014: […] As a senior scientist at the Japanese government’s Meteorological Research Institute, [Michio Aoyama] said levels of radioactive cesium 137 in the surface water of the Pacific Ocean could be 10,000 times as high as contamination after Chernobyl […] as Mr. Aoyama prepared to publish his findings […] the director general of the institute called with an unusual demand — that Mr. Aoyama remove his own name from the paper. Continue reading

March 18, 2014 Posted by | Fukushima 2014, Japan, secrets,lies and civil liberties | Leave a comment

Careful plan to replace San Onofre Nuclear Plant with Renewables and Efficiency

san-onofre-deadfHow California Will Use Renewables to Replace Massive Nuclear Plant, Eco Watch  Natural Resources Defense Council | March 17, 2014 By Sierra Martinez California took another major and symbolic step this month with its decision to rely significantly on energy efficiency and other clean energy resources to help replace electricity once generated by the San Onofre Nuclear Generation Station (SONGS) serving San Diego and the greater Los Angeles area.

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) made official its strategy to address the loss of the huge nuclear plant, which had been offline since January 2012 and was officially retired last year. Fortunately, it closely resembles its proposal released last month.

The final plan uses efficiency and other “preferred resources”—those resources with lower environmental impacts—like demand response (ways customers can consume less energy at key times during the day) and renewable energy such as wind and solar, as well as some upgrades to the electric system, to replace the vast majority of the lost SONGS generation. Instead of turning directly to dirty gas-fired power to replace SONGS, this decision fills the gap left by SONGS with at least two-thirds of clean energy resources, and up to 100 percent clean energy. That means that dirty gas-fired power is limited to contributing, at most, one-third of the replacement energy and at best, zero. Continue reading

March 18, 2014 Posted by | renewable, USA | Leave a comment

Radiation exposure to US sailors far greater than Japan estimated

text-radiationUS sailors exposed to Fukushima radiation levels beyond Japan’s estimates Aljazeera 17 March 14Crew members of the USS Ronald Reagan’s March 2011 Fukushima relief mission encountered radiation levels that far exceeded the Japanese government’s estimates, according to a report in the Asia-Pacific Journal.

The revelations contained in the report could have a bearing on the lawsuit against Tokyo Electric Power Company by more than 70 U.S. service members who say they suffer from long-term health effects from their participation in the U.S. navy’s response to the nuclear disaster.  Continue reading

March 18, 2014 Posted by | Legal, USA | 1 Comment

Ukraine crisis could lead to a ‘nuclear impasse’

 “It is extraordinarily irresponsible to jump on the bandwagon of this dangerous regional crisis and make Ukrainians feel that they were wrong to rid their newly independent country of nuclear weapons in 1992 and join the NPT as non-nuclear-weapon states,” 

flag-UkraineUS -Russia standoff over Ukraine may trigger nuclear attack UNITED NATIONS: The US-Russian confrontation over Ukraine, which is threatening to undermine current bilateral talks on North Korea, Iran, Syria and Palestine, is also in danger of triggering a nuclear fallout., The International News, 17 MAr 14, 

 Secretary of State John Kerry told US legislators early this week that if the dispute results in punitive sanctions against Russia, things could “get ugly fast” and go “in multiple directions. ”Perhaps one such direction could lead to a nuclear impasse between the two big powers. Continue reading

March 18, 2014 Posted by | politics international, Ukraine | 1 Comment

VIDEO: Thom Hartmann on cover-up of nuclear dangers

see-this.wayVideo: On the News With Thom Hartmann: US Nuclear Regulators Are Hiding the Risk of a Fukushima-Style Incident, and More TruthOut , 17 March 2014 15:21By Thom HartmannThe Thom Hartmann Program | Video Report In today’s On the News segment: Recently released documents show that since Fukushima, our nuclear regulators have been playing down the risk of a similar incident happening in the US; homeowners want energy choices – and for once, that’s not just a Republican talking point; four new man-made gases are destroying our ozone layer and intensifying the effects of climate change; and more.


Thom Hartmann here – on the best of the rest of….science & green news…..

You need to know this. Last week marked the third anniversary of the earthquake and tsunami that devastated the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in Japan. And, recently released documents show that since then, our nuclear regulators have been playing down the risk of a similar incident happening in the U.S. Emails obtained via a Freedom of Information Request show that the higher-ups at the Nuclear Regulatory Agency told staff to hide information from reporters, to keep quiet about NRC scientists studying risk at US plants, and to change the subject when media asked what a worst-case scenario in our country could look like. ……

March 18, 2014 Posted by | Resources -audiovicual | Leave a comment

TruthOut reports on just one month’s environmental catastrophes

atomic-bomb-lFukushima remains on the forefront of many folks’ minds because it is an ongoing disaster, and its direct impact on our health is obvious. However, we tend to forget how much radiation has already been bombed into the oceans.

Those who have been bombed, however, haven’t forgotten.

Reporting on a World of Environmental Catastrophes – All in Just One Month
TruthOut,  17 March 2014 09:40By Dahr JamailTruthout | News Analysis March 2014

When all the trees have been cut down,
when all the animals have been hunted,
when all the waters are polluted,
when all the air is unsafe to breathe,
only then will you discover you cannot eat money.
– Cree Prophecy……..

new study has confirmed that a magnitude 5.7 earthquake in Oklahoma – one of the state’s biggest man-made quakes – was caused by fracking-linked wastewater injections.


Even the depths of the oceans are now at risk……… Continue reading

March 18, 2014 Posted by | general | Leave a comment

Launch of Africa’s Renewable Energy Fund

African Renewable Energy Fund launches with $100MM in committed capital March 17, 2014   Content Director Source: African Development Bank The African Renewable Energy Fund (AREF), a dedicated renewable energy fund focused on Sub-Saharan Africa closed last week with US $100 million of committed capital to support small- to medium-scale independent power producers (IPPs).

The fund, which will be headquartered in Nairobi, is targeting a final close of US $200 million within the next 12 months to be invested in grid-connected development stage renewable energy projects including small hydro, windgeothermal,solarbiomass and waste gas.

Initially promoted in a joint initiative by the African Biofuel and Renewable Energy Company (ABREC) and the African Development Bank (AfDB), AREF will be managed by Berkeley Energy Africa Limited (Berkeley Energy), a fund manager focused on developing and investing in renewable energy projects in emerging markets. The fund will target IPPs with an ideal size of between 5 and 50 MW and a commitment per project of between US $10 million and US $30 million, with the capacity to source further funding from co-investors where necessary for a larger investment.

Africa Development Bank is the fund’s lead sponsor, bringing US $65 million in an equity investment package from its statutory resources as well as climate finance instruments such as Sustainable Energy for Africa (SEFA) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to leverage commercial and institutional investment. SEFA will additionally fund a Project Support Facility (PSF), which will provide resources to be deployed at an early stage to structure bankable deals.

“Over the past decade, the AfDB has established itself as a prime catalyst for renewable energy investment on the continent and is currently hosting the Africa Hub for the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative. As Africa’s largest infrastructure finance partner, we understand the value of supporting both large-scale and small-scale projects as part of our strategy for Africa to promote inclusive and sustainable growth,” said Gabriel Negatu, AfDB Regional Director for the East Africa Regional Resource Center.

The investor group also includes West African Development Bank (BOAD), Ecowas Bank for Investment and Development (EBID), Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (FMO), Calvert Foundation, Berkeley Energy and ABREC, who are the vision-bearers of the fund.

Owned by 15 African Nations and five financial institutions, ABREC is a company specialized in developing, managing and advising public and private sector renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives and projects.

AfDB selected Berkeley Energy as the fund manager of AREF following a competitive procedure. Berkeley Energy, based in Mauritius, will have operational headquarters in Nairobi and a further office to be situated in West Africa. The Berkeley Energy team and investment committee comprises Managing Partner TC Kundi; Partner Alastair Vere Nicoll; Chairman Andrew Reicher; Investment Director and AREF lead Luka Buljan; and Investment Committee members Thierno Bocar Tall, Chief Executive Officer of ABREC; and Eddie Njoroge, former Chief Executive Officer of Kenya Electricity Generating Company (Kengen).

March 18, 2014 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment