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Estimate of Consequences from the Fukushima Disaster

Estimate of Consequences from the Fukushima Disaster
In the immediate aftermath of the Fukushima disaster, the plants operator, the Japanese authority and the IAEA insisted for a month that the accident would pose no (immediate) health consequences. This work explores consequences that can be expected using the USNRC code MACCS2 in order to assess the validity of the statement
All the data and information used are from available sources published during the accident bythe Japanese authorities and internet sites.
A range of possible atmospheric source terms is estimated, using three methods:
dosimetric measurements at the plant, simplified accident progression, and aerial USDOE maps of
surface contamination. Estimates from other sources are also included to arrive at the ranges.
Detailed site population input for the code is constructed from current information on population around the plant, Japan, Korea, China and Siberia
Evacuation models are constructed to reflect the multi stage evacuation scheme adopted during the accident.
Acute consequence models are then surrogated for in input to account for effects of Acute Radiation Syndrome, and chronic health effects are corrected for the lack of reciprocity at low and intermediate doses.
For the range of source terms, acute consequences are calculated as best as the code allows, given the prolonged releases from the accident, together with chronic excess deaths and illnesses.
Since much of the radioactive releases are deposited in the ocean some assessment is also given of the enviro
nmental damage to the sea life.
Economic impact is assessed to some extent using simplified rough data just to show also this aspect of the accident.
The authors thank Mr. Salih Güntay (Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland) for having reviewed this work and for his many useful suggestionsScreenshot from 2014-01-26 20:26:42Extract

….It is obvious from all results that the IAEA, the Japanese authority and their experts were not telling the whole truth. The declarations, which, as noted, probably induced an unusually large part of the population (estimated 27%!) to remain in their homes, will probably result in an additional 200 cancer deaths or in a few months more than 20% of the total lifetime incurred dose for that population, even though they may have been forcibly removed at a later date.

The large number of cancer fatalities predicted for the City of Tokyo

results for a good part from ingestion of food and water contaminated up to the legal limits.

Individual lifetime (societal) risks of death are shown in Table 12.

Obviously the target of 1e4-year as level of acceptable individual risk

or “dose limited to 1 mSv per annum” regardless of frequency of occurrence [45] is well exceeded for an accident such as happened at Fukushima

for a very large number of people .Individual risk for the area almost promptly evacuated to 20 km is smaller because the 73% of the people who are removed disappear from the calculations for some time,

but they are still counted to arrive at the statistical averages….

Report Title Estimate of Consequences from the Fukushima Disaster
Reference NO Cazzoli Consulting/Cazzoli paper 2011-09-05
Project NO 00-004
Size 1,23 MB
Publish Date 2011-09-05
Download click here to download

January 26, 2014 - Posted by | Uncategorized

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