nuclear-news

The News That Matters about the Nuclear Industry Fukushima Chernobyl Mayak Three Mile Island Atomic Testing Radiation Isotope

What do Tony Blair, nuclear power, depleted uranium, radioactive tobacco and the Nobel family have in common?

The real point of this wide ranging article is to highlight the international scope of this cover up on contamination issues and allowing high levels in the rest of the world while showing the low levels in japan.

Op Ed by Arclight2011,  9 September 2012

In a previous article I posed the question concerning the whereabouts of Japans contaminated food supply. Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | 2 WORLD, environment, Reference, secrets,lies and civil liberties | 1 Comment

Russia’s hazardous nuclear reprocessing program

From Plutonium to Power, Spiegal Online 09/07/2012 Russia To Produce Electricity with Former Nukes By Kerstin Brandt Russia is planning to destroy plutonium used in thousands of soon to be decommissioned nuclear warheads by using it as fuel in a special new atomic power plant. The reactor is set to begin operating in one year, but time pressures and a vulnerable cooling system make the project a risky one. 

A billboard with a picture of smiling children heralds the arrival of a new nuclear age. “Zarechny — Our Nuclear City” is the sign that greets drivers entering this town 50 kilometers (30 miles) east of the Russian city of Yekaterinburg along a country road through a wooded landscape….. Russia is proud of Beloyarsk. The plant’s third unit is a “fast reactor,” a reactor type that’s similar to the infamous “fast breeder reactor.”…..

Now a fourth unit is being built in Beloyarsk, also a fast reactor. It’s a facility with global political significance: Beloyarsk 4 is being built in the service of global peace. On July 13, 2011, a treaty between Russia and the United States came into effect, one that US President Barack Obama praised as a step toward making the world “safer and more secure.” Under the Plutonium Management and Disposition Treaty, the two nuclear superpowers resolved to destroy 68 metric tons of plutonium, enough to fill 17,000 nuclear warheads. Obama declared that the plutonium could be used to generate power for people in both countries.

Russia’s plan for disposing of its share of the plutonium involves a fast reactor, a variation on the fast breeder reactor design but without a breeding blanket.

This Is Going to Lead to Problems’

The Obama administration, on the other hand, prefers to fulfill its side of the disarmament treaty with a more time-tested method: The US share of 34 tons of weapons-grade plutonium will be used in traditional nuclear power plants. At the same time, though, the US will contribute at least $300 million (€240 million) to the construction of the new disarmament reactor at Beloyarsk.

“This is going to lead to problems!” says Yevgeny (name changed), who is involved in the construction of the new Beloyarsk reactor. “You shouldn’t build a nuclear reactor under time pressure, and certainly not such a complicated one!”

“A fast reactor is not your standard power plant,” he continues indignantly. “All it takes is one sloppily welded seam, and that’s that!” The reactor will be cooled not with water, but with liquid sodium, a liquid metal that ignites the moment it comes into contact with the air ……    . http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/energy-from-the-bomb-russia-to-produce-electricity-with-former-nukes-a-854318.html

September 10, 2012 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Tense situtaion in Kudankulam, as 3,000 protest fuel loading at nuclear reactor

Tension mounts as protesters stay put near Kudankulam plant THE HINDU, P. SUDHAKAR , 9 sept 12, Tension prevailed here for about five hours on Sunday as the police thwarted a bid by about 3,000 agitators to lay siege to the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) site to protest fuel-loading in the reactor. Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | India, opposition to nuclear | Leave a comment

Plutonium for space travel?

Nuclear waste set to power spacecraft By Andrew Bounds, North of England Correspondent, Ft.com, September 9, 2012   Britain’s nuclear waste could be used to power spacecraft as part of government attempts to offset the huge cost of the atomic clean-up by finding commercial uses for the world’s largest stock of civil plutonium.

A £1m pilot programme by the European Space Agency has shown that nuclear batteries for use on deep space missions could be made from an isotope found in decaying plutonium at the Sellafield waste storage site in Cumbria.
Britain’s National Nuclear Laboratory has harvested americium-241 from the plutonium, produced from reprocessing fuel.

The ESA believes this could replace plutonium-238, only available from Russia and the US, and provide an independent source of energy for planned deep space missions to Jupiter and other distant planets.

Tim Tinsley, who manages the programme for the NNL, said the space battery was an unforeseen benefit of past inaction, which has left 100 tonnes of plutonium in ponds at Sellafield.

“It is available due to a twist of fate,” he said. “We have been able to extract that americium and prove that it works.”

Full-scale battery production would be “worth hundreds of millions of euros” and provide skilled jobs in west Cumbria, an area of high unemployment, he said.

Nuclear batteries – each containing about 5kg of nuclear material – have been around since the 1950s and are used in Nasa’s Cassini and Voyager probes as well as Curiosity, which landed on Mars in August…..

The US may also need a fresh supply. Plutonium-238 can be made only in reactors dedicated to weapons, now shut down, and Nasa’s stocks could run out in 2018, according to the US National Research Council. ….

The programme’s future depends on how much money the government allocates to the UK Space Agency, which funds it via the ESA.

The clean-up costs of Britain’s nuclear programme are estimated at up to £100bn, with £3bn spent annually, while the plutonium alone is a £4bn liability.

NNL, a government agency run under contract, has joined Systems Engineering & Assessment, a specialist engineering group active in the space sector, and the University of Leicester, which has a large space department, to run the programme…. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/2ea069f2-f830-11e1-828f-00144feabdc0.html#axzz266DLJEno

September 10, 2012 Posted by | - plutonium | Leave a comment

Children living with radioactive contamination

FRCSR: “Inhumane, inexcusable act” as many children and adults under observation while living with radioactive contamination  http://enenews.com/frcsr-inhumane-inexcusable-act-many-people-observation-living-radioactive-contamination-physician-unexpectedly-early-rapid-increase-thyroid-cancer-young-after-chernobyl-downplays-fukushima-tests-sh
 September 8th, 2012  
By ENENews
Fukushima Voice, the website of Fukushima Radioactive Contamination Symptoms Research or (FRCSR), examines the August 29, 2012 press conference in Tokyo by members of the International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW):
Q: What do you think about the high number of thyroid abnormalities found in Fukushima children? Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | Fukushima 2012 | Leave a comment

Ethics and medical radiation

John Gofman on medical x rays.  http://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2012/09/10/john-gofman-on-medical-x-rays/   10 Spt 12, 

http://www.ratical.org/radiation/CNR/OHofJWGforDOE/

An Interview with John Gofman, “Benefits of Radiation Therapy and Ethics”.

GOURLEY: Now, one thing confuses me terribly about all this, and I’m not a scientist and I’m new on this: You, yourself, said that [there are] medical benefits in certain cases and certain specific cancers and that sort of thing. How does the line fall between where it can be therapeutic, [and] where it’s harmful?
GOFMAN: Line falls at one point. I have no difficulty with radiation therapy being beneficial in certain situations. I have no difficulty with diagnostic radiation, finding something important out [from] a diagnosis that can [save] a person’s life.
GOURLEY: Which diagnosis are you speaking of here?
GOFMAN: You can talk about the possibility of pneumonia that’s not appreciated or some mass in the abdomen or something like a cardiac lesion. I have never in my life said people should not have an x ray. I have never argued against radiation therapy. I talked to you earlier about some places where I participated in radiation therapy and I know people were benefited.
GOURLEY: Right.
GOFMAN: That is a world apart from what your problem is in this whole thing. Where I stand on it is, you voluntarily, you accept a risk for a benefit to you or your child or your mother or father if you discussed it with them. That’s not what I’m talking about. It’s when somebody says you shall be allowed to get x units of radiation as a member of the public without any benefit to you: “Society will benefit.”

That’s immoral, it’s illegal, and it’s being done every day. I just think it’s just illegal and it’s a violation of the Declaration of Independence. It’s a violation of Constitutional rights and none of the medical ethicists are saying a goddamn thing about. I’m very critical of medical ethicists for that.’ http://www.ratical.org/radiation/CNR/OHofJWGforDOE/

September 10, 2012 Posted by | health, Religion and ethics | Leave a comment

Danger of MOX nuclear reprocessing: it’s the plutonium, stupid

From Plutonium to Power, Spiegal Online 09/07/2012 Russia To Produce Electricity with Former Nukes By Kerstin Brandt  “…….What makes the new reactor a particularly delicate case, though, is its fuel.

Of all the bequests of the atomic age, the heavy metal that takes its name from Pluto, god of the underworld, is considered the most dangerous. A nuclear chain reaction initiated with six kilograms (13 pounds) of the material over Nagasaki, Japan, on Aug. 9, 1945, immediately killed 80,000 people. Breathing in just a few milligrams of plutonium dust is fatal to humans.

Vast amounts of this element, which almost never occurs naturally, now exist on Earth. Well more than 1,000 tons of the plutonium, which is one component of spent fuel from nuclear reactors, now sits in spent fuel pools and interim storage facilities, awaiting an indeterminate fate.

Then there are a further estimated 250 tons of weapons-grade plutonium, which consists of the fissile isotope Pu-239 at its highest possible concentration. This is a material produced for a single, military purpose: to trigger the most devastating detonations possible, as reliably as possible.

But what meant power during the arms race has since become a curse. Plutonium is enormously expensive to secure — and completely useless for civilian purposes.

For many years, permanent storage facilities for nuclear waste were the solution of choice among experts in the field. Melted down in a glass matrix and mixed with other highly radioactive nuclear waste, plutonium could be made to disappear deep into the Earth, protected from the elements and from the reach of untrustworthy militaries.

These days, though, that method is essentially off the table, because tough disarmament negotiations reach their goals more quickly when the end result is profit rather than unpredictable storage facility costs. The world’s military superpowers have done this once before: In 1993, as part of the “Megatons to Megawatts” nonproliferation program, the US pledged to buy 500 tons of weapons-grade uranium from Russia. Diluted down to a level suitable for use in a nuclear plant, fuel obtained from Soviet nuclear bombs currently generates one tenth of the United States’ electricity……http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/energy-from-the-bomb-russia-to-produce-electricity-with-former-nukes-a-854318.html

September 10, 2012 Posted by | - plutonium, reprocessing | Leave a comment

Increased breast cancer risk from X rays, mammograms, for some women

X-ray, mammogram radiation may increase breast cancer risk for some
women http://www.myfoxphilly.com/story/19482704/x-ray-mammogram-radiation-may-increase-breast-cancer-risk-for-some-women Sep 07, 2012 Exposure to radiation is an established risk factor for breast cancer among all women, the study authors pointed out. – Women with certain gene mutations are more likely to develop breast cancer if they were exposed to radiation from chest X-rays or mammograms before age 30, compared with those who have the gene mutations and weren’t exposed to radiation, new research suggests. Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | 2 WORLD, women | Leave a comment

Multiple dangers in Russia’s new nuclear powered ice-breakers

multiple concerns including the “generation of radioactive waste, generation of spent nuclear fuel, which is reprocessed in Russia and as a result more radioactive waste is generated. [There is] a possibility of serious accidents like there was with the first icebreaker “Lenin.” There were two major accidents on-board in the 1960s and 1970s. Lenin’s spent nuclear fuel and reactors were cut out and dumped in the Kara sea.”

Breaking the Ice: Russian nuclear-powered ice-breakers,    Scientific American  By Eve Conant | September 8, 2012 Russia’s rapidly expanding nuclear industry has set it sights on the freezing waters of Arctic basin with an ambitious goal to build the world’s largest “universal” nuclear icebreaker.

Russia’s dream to dominate the Arctic will soon get a boost with a nuclear-powered icebreaker designed to navigate both shallow rivers and the freezing depths of the Northern Sea. Last month Rosatomflot , Russia’s atomic fleet, inked a deal to begin construction of a massive new vessel 170 meters long and 34 meters wide. That is 14 meters longer and four meters wider than any of Russia’s other nuclear vessels. Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | Russia, safety | Leave a comment

Cesium contamination in 85% of Fukushima rockfish

85% of Fukushima rockfish exceeds safety limit in cesium, cesium measured from all samples since 311 http://fukushima-diary.com/2012/09/85-of-fukushima-rockfish-exceeds-safety-limit-in-cesium/#.UEzuJoRzoNU.facebook  by Mochizuki  September 9th, 2012 ·   Fukushima prefecture is trying to start selling fishery products but the actual contamination situation is not widely known. (cf. Fukushima will test-fish 7 more kinds of fishery products)

Even US keeps importing fishery products from Japan. (cf. US keeps importing fishery food from Japan even after 311)

White rockfish (Shiromebaru) is the type of fish living in shallow reef or seaweed bed, diet is crustacean and small fish.

According to the measurement data of Fukushima prefecture [Link], they measure cesium higher than the safety limit (100Bq/Kg) from 84.85% of all the white rockfish samples from offshore Fukushima.

They started measuring Fukushima white rockfish as of 6/21/2011. Until the latest measurement of 8/30/2012, they tested 99 samples.

Cesium (>100Bq/Kg) was detected from 84 of them. Also, cesium was measured from all of the samples.

The historical highest amount was 3,200 Bq/Kg fished on 7/4/2011. 1,730 Bq/Kg of cesium was detected from the sample fished on 8/26/2012 as well.

The measurement result is represented in the graph [provided n this article]. It shows the radiation level is still not decreasing even in 2012.

September 10, 2012 Posted by | Fukushima 2012 | Leave a comment

Nuclear lobby gets its claws into the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APEC Leaders Safe Use of Nuclear Energy  Power Industry News 9 Sept 12, Asia-Pacific leaders wrapped up two days of their summit talks on Sunday with an agreement to ensure the safe use of nuclear energy and a renewed commitment to forestalling protectionism. Leaders of the 21 member economies of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum adopted a joint declaration and related documents at their meeting in the Russian Far East city of Vladivostok….

Specifically, they agreed to “ensure the safe and secure use of nuclear energy as a clean energy source in interested economies.” Their accords also include the promotion of steady investment in energy infrastructure….http://www.utilityproducts.com/news/2012/09/09/apec-leaders-safe-use-of-nuclear-energy.html

September 10, 2012 Posted by | ASIA, OCEANIA, politics international | Leave a comment

MOX nuclear reprocessing: a Russian project leader’s safety fears

He [ Yevgeny (name changed)]  then explains that colleagues and superiors of many years have been leaving the BN-800 project in recent weeks. Their vacated positions, he says, are being given to new employees just starting their careers.

“People who have no experience with the difficulties sodium coolant can cause now head our departments,”… “And you know what? I’m going to leave, too. Or, no, I’m going to run.” 

From Plutonium to Power, Spiegal Online 09/07/2012 Russia To Produce Electricity with Former Nukes By Kerstin Brandt   “…….. plutonium is not uranium. It’s more toxic and more radioactive, and it’s not easy to dilute.

Yevgeny doesn’t speak English, so he doesn’t understand the disarmament slogan “Global Zero.” Until recently, he was convinced that Russia, alone among world’s countries, had mastered fast reactor technology. He himself worked at Beloyarsk’s fast reactor for many years, after all. But since the plant’s managers assigned him to the construction of the successor model BN-800, Yevgeny has grown doubtful. Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | reprocessing, Russia | Leave a comment

USA bank lends @billions to UAE so USA can sell off nuclear technology

U.A.E. Nuclear Program Gets $2 Billion Loan from U.S. Exim Bank Bloomberg, By Ayesha Daya – Sep 8, 2012   Emirates Nuclear Energy Corp. , the state-owned company developing an atomic power plant in the United Arab Emirates , received a $2 billion loan from the U.S. Export-Import Bank.

The loan to the Barakah One Co., a unit of Emirates Nuclear, will pay for American products and services used in the construction of four 1,400 megawatt reactors, according to a statement from the government-run bank. Westinghouse Electric Corp., based in Pittsburgh, will supply some of the equipment for the facilities, the bank said.

The first of the plant’s four reactors will be ready in 2017, with each additional unit becoming operational every year through 2020, according to Emirates Nuclear….. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-09-09/u-a-e-nuclear-program-gets-2-billion-loan-from-u-s-exim-bank.html

September 10, 2012 Posted by | business and costs, MIDDLE EAST | Leave a comment

Dangerous MOX nuclear plant planned, close to highly populated area

About 35,000 people live within 10 miles of the plant. That’s no place for TVA and DOE to be running an experiment with radioactive material in an aging nuclear plant under increased supervision because of major safety problems.

Alabama.com OUR VIEW: Next door, nuclear research, September 09, 2012,  By Mike Hollis, The Huntsville Times   The Tennessee Valley Authority says it’s willing to consider using a blend of uranium and weapons-grade plutonium as reactor fuel at its Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant near Athens. That’s surprising, given the plant’s safety record.

Part of the problem, critics say, is that this mix of uranium and plutonium oxide fuel, called MOX, makes reactors harder to control, may increase the risk of some types of accidents and raises the threat to public health if an accident results in a major radioactive release. Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | reprocessing, USA | Leave a comment

Nuclear waste storage and the “Waste Confidence Rule”

According to the NRC “waste confidence” is a generic finding that spent nuclear fuel can be safely stored for decades beyond the licensed operating life of a reactor without significant environmental effects.

The NRC said the rule enables the agency to license reactors or renew their licenses without examining the effects of extended waste storage for each individual site

NRC Will Study Environmental Impact of Temporary On-Site Storage of Nuclear Waste, Montville Patch 9 Sept 12,  Following a lawsuit brought by Attorney’s General of Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Vermont, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission said it will assess the environmental impact of storing spent nuclear fuel at reactor sites for longer periods of time. For towns near Dominion’s Millstone Nuclear Power Plant, including Montville, just 8 miles away as the corw flies, federal heel-dragging on the issue of what to do with the nation’s nuclear waste is increasingly becoming an issue .  Continue reading

September 10, 2012 Posted by | USA, wastes | Leave a comment