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Ukraine to start building nuclear fuel plant in October 2012


BULLETIN RELEASED: 27/09/12 2:19PM GMT :: 1 hour ago

UKRAINE-RUSSIA-FUEL-FACTORY KYIV. Sept 27 (Interfax) – Ukraine will start building a nuclear fuel factory in October, Alexander Ivanov, chief representative of Russian nuclear fuel corporation TVEL in Ukraine, …




In mid 2012 it announced that the 11 oldest 1000 MWe reactors are to have 20-year life extensions by 2030.

Ukraine’s best-known nuclear power plant was Chernobyl (Chornobyl in Ukrainian). This had the only RBMK type reactors in the country. Unit 4 was destroyed in the 1986 accident, unit 2 was shut down after a turbine hall fire in 1991, unit 1 was closed in 1997 and unit 3 closed at the end of 2000 due to international pressure.


Radioactive soil from Ukraine ‘returned’ to IAEA by Greenpeace

Press release – April 24, 2006

Radioactive soil from a public area outside the exclusion zone at the site of the Chernobyl disaster – so contaminated it must be classified as radioactive waste under European law – was delivered today to headquarters of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by Greenpeace activists.
“People harvest wood, mushrooms and berries from those forests, notknowing that they are subjecting their health to serious radiationrisk. The samples are 10-25 times more radioactive than the limits setby the European Commission for defining a substance as radioactivewaste” said Ivan Blokov, Greenpeace nuclear campaigner.

Nuclear Power in Ukraine (extracts)


  • Ukraine is heavily dependent on nuclear energy – it has 15 reactors generating about half of its electricity. 
  • Ukraine receives most of its nuclear services and nuclear fuel from Russia. 
  • In 2004 Ukraine commissioned two large new reactors. The government plans to maintain nuclear share in electricity production to 2030, which will involve substantial new build.



In mid 2011 the Ukraine energy strategy to 2030 was updated, and in the electricity sector nuclear power’s role was emphasized, with improved safety and increased domestic fuel fabrication.  In mid 2012 the policy was gain updated, and 5000 to 7000 MWe of new nuclear capacity was proposed by 2030, costing some $25 billion.




In 1990 construction of three reactors (units 2-4) at Khmelnitski had been halted, though the site infrastructure for all four units was largely complete. Unit 3 was (and is) 75% complete, unit 4: 28% complete. These have been maintained to some extent since.  An intergovernmental agreement with Russia on completing the two units was signed in mid 2010 and a contract with Atomstroyexport was signed in February 2011.  Ukraine hopes to sign a loan agreement for them late in 2012 and resume construction soon after.


Radioactive Waste Management

There is no intention to close the fuel cycle in Ukraine, though the possibility remains under consideration. In 2008 the National Target Environmental Program of Radioactive Waste Management was approved. Storage of used fuel for at least 50 years before disposal remains the policy. The new program meets the requirements of European legislation and recommendations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Its implementation will create an integrated system of radioactive waste of all types and categories for 50 years.


Also at Chernobyl, Nukem has constructed an Industrial Complex for Radwaste Management (ICSRM) which was handed over in April 2009.  In this, solid low- and intermediate-level wastes accumulated from the power plant operations and the decommissioning of reactor blocks 1 to 3 is conditioned by incineration, high-force compaction, and cementation, as required and then packaged for disposal.  In addition, highly radioactive and long-lived solid waste is sorted out for temporary separate storage.  A low-level waste repository has also been built at the Vektor complex 17 km away.

From 2011, high-level wastes from reprocessing Ukrainian fuel was to be returned from Russia to Ukraine and go to the central dry storage facility.

Preliminary investigations have shortlisted sites for a deep geological repository for high- and intermediate-level wastes including all those arising from Chernobyl decommissioning and clean-up.


September 27, 2012 - Posted by | Uncategorized

1 Comment »

  1. Reblogged this on NuclearVox.

    Comment by nuclearvox | September 28, 2012 | Reply

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