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Denmark prepares nuclear emergency plan

 April 12 2022 –     https://www.canberratimes.com.au/story/7696087/denmark-prepares-nuclear-emergency-plan/

Denmark’s Health Agency, concerned by the war in Ukraine, will buy two million iodine tablets to protect people in the event of a nuclear accident close to the Nordic country.

Iodine is considered a way of protecting the body against conditions such as thyroid cancer in case of radioactive exposure, and worries about nuclear incidents in Ukraine have prompted stockpiling across Europe.

“The developments of COVID-19 over the past two years has shown us that it is important to be prepared. The war in Ukraine has shown us that the world is unpredictable,” the agency said in a news release on Monday.

Denmark is more than 900 kilometres from the nearest nuclear plants in Ukraine, according to the health agency, and there is currently no concrete risk to Denmark, Health Minister Magnus Heunicke said in an emailed comment.

The stock of iodine would be used in the event of an accident at a nuclear power plant in the vicinity of Denmark, which has no nuclear plants but is close to some in Sweden and Germany, or onboard nuclear-powered vessels in Danish waters.

A stock of two million tablets would cover risk groups including children and young people up to 18 years of age, pregnant and breastfeeding women and emergency personnel up to the age of 40, according to the agency’s estimates.

The stock of iodine would be used in the event of an accident at a nuclear power plant in the vicinity of Denmark, which has no nuclear plants but is close to some in Sweden and Germany, or onboard nuclear-powered vessels in Danish waters.

A stock of two million tablets would cover risk groups including children and young people up to 18 years of age, pregnant and breastfeeding women and emergency personnel up to the age of 40, according to the agency’s estimates.

April 12, 2022 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Hanford report reveals problem with nuclear waste solution

Hanford report reveals problem with nuclear waste solution

An internal federal document says the preparation for turning nuclear waste into glass logs will produce toxic vapors. Crosscut, by John Stang, April 11, 2022
Fourteen years behind its original deadline, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation is scheduled to begin turning radioactive wastes into benign glass in 2023.

However, an internal federal document said the preparatory process for this work will produce toxic vapors from a substance called acetonitrile, which would be unsafe for workers and people and animals that live nearby.

In fact, that complication has not been studied, said the U.S. Department of Energy report dated Aug. 27, 2021.

On March 2, 2022, the Washington State Department of Ecology sent a message to the U.S. Department of Energy, asking for answers on this issue. That came after the state agency received a March 1 letter on the matter from the Seattle-based watchdog organization Hanford Challenge, which obtained the internal document. 

As of Friday, the state has not received a reply from the DOE. And DOE’s Hanford headquarters declined to provide anyone to discuss the matter with Crosscut. A spokesperson wrote in an email that the issue has been resolved, but did not provide any details.

In emails, the DOE and major contractor Washington River Protection Services, which designed the glassification equipment, both said the public can ask questions about this matter at a May 10 public hearing related to permits for acetonitrile-related equipment at the glassification plant. But neither the federal government nor its contractor would elaborate on the internal memo that raised concerns about acetonitrile, which will be used to re-treat the nuclear waste before it is turned into glass logs.  

Written public comment is being accepted through June 4. 

Acetonitrile, which exists in liquid and vapor forms, is easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. When ignited, it gives off hydrogen cyanide fumes and potentially flammable vapors. Short-term effects from exposure can range from eye, nose and lung irritation to heart irregularities and death. Long-term, exposure could enlarge the thyroid gland and damage the liver, lungs, kidneys and the central nervous system.

The Hanford Nuclear Reservation was created in late 1942 to create plutonium for America’s atomic bombs in World War II and the Cold War. Producing plutonium required nuclear reactors and massive radioactive chemical extraction plants. The worst of the radioactive wastes from those facilities ended up as liquids, sludge and gunk in 177 leak-prone underground tanks on the 586-square-mile complex along the Columbia River in Benton County in south-central Washington. These tanks hold 56 million gallons of waste on what is arguably the most radioactively and chemically contaminated spot in the Western Hemisphere. The site’s overall cleanup began in 1989. 

Hanford’s longtime master plan has been to convert those wastes into benign glass. Originally, glassification was supposed to begin in 2009 and completed by 2021 at a cost of $4 billion. Numerous budget, technical and engineering problems have bumped the price to $17 billion, with glassification to begin in late 2023 and end by 2069.
The first glassification facility is scheduled to start its work glassifying the least radioactive wastes in late 2023. Dubbed the “direct-feed low-activity-waste” plant, or DFLAW. It will glassify the least radioactive and least complex of the tank wastes following some preprocessing of the material. That pretreatment and acetonitrile are the subject of the 2021 memo.

While Washington River Protection Solutions did computer-model testing on the possibility of a liquid  acetonitrile leak during the pre-treatment process, it did not calculate for the possibility of acetonitrile vapors, according to the internal DOE memo………………………….   https://crosscut.com/environment/2022/04/hanford-report-reveals-problem-nuclear-waste-solution

April 12, 2022 Posted by | USA, wastes | Leave a comment

World’s stockpile of usable nuclear weapons is increasing, warns Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor

World’s stockpile of usable nuclear weapons is increasing, warns watchdog https://www.business-standard.com/article/international/world-s-stockpile-of-usable-nuclear-weapons-is-increasing-warns-watchdog-122041100517_1.html 11 Apr 22,

The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor has found no evidence, however, that any of the nuclear-armed states currently have the will to purposefully pursue nuclear disarmament  Ajai Shukla 

The number of nuclear warheads in usable stockpiles is rising, warns the Norwegian nuclear watchdog, Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor.

According to the well-respected organisation, the world’s nine nuclear-armed states had a combined arsenal of 12,705 nuclear warheads at the beginning of 2022.

Of these, an estimated 9,440 warheads – with a collective yield equivalent to approximately 138,000 Hiroshima-bombs – constituted “usable stockpiles”, available for use by the nuclear armed states on their missiles, aircraft, submarines and ships.

In addition, an estimated 3,265 retired, older warheads were awaiting dismantlement in Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

The United States’ usable stockpile increased slightly in 2019 but declined again in 2020 and 2021, while France’s and Israel’s stockpiles have remained constant.

The total number of nuclear warheads in the world continued to decrease slightly in 2021, but only because the US and Russia dismantle a small number of their retired, older nuclear warheads every year. However, there been no parallel and continued gradual reduction of the number of nuclear warheads that are available for use.

“Around 2007 the pace of reductions in global usable stockpiles slowed to a trickle. In fact, the number of nuclear warheads in global usable stockpiles has even started to increase again since its lowest point in 2017, when it was at 9,227 warheads,” said Matt Korda of the Federation of American Scientists, one of the contributors to the Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor.

Dismantlement of retired, Cold-War-era nuclear weapons will soon cease to be a course of action to reduce the global nuclear inventory. No further progress in nuclear disarmament will then be in sight, unless nuclear-armed states can agree that their current usable stockpiles are not indispensable.

The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor has found no evidence, however, that any of the nuclear-armed states currently have the will to purposefully pursue nuclear disarmament, or to develop plans for its realisation.

The states with conduct that is not compatible with the TPNW are first and foremost the nine nuclear-armed states and the 32 so-called umbrella states (most of which are European). All of the umbrella states engaged in conduct in 2021 that was not compatible with the TPNW’s prohibition on assistance and encouragement of prohibited activities.

These 32 states aid and abet nuclear-armed states’ retention of nuclear weapons in several ways, including by participating in nuclear strike exercises and nuclear planning; provision of logistical and technical support; endorsement of nuclear-weapons doctrines, policies and statements; and with development, production, and maintenance of key components for nuclear weapons.

The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor also concludes that there was increasing engagement in 2021 with the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), which entered into force in 2021 and which is seen as a vehicle for resistance to the permanence of nuclear weapons in world politics.

The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor tracks progress towards a world without nuclear weapons, highlights activities that hamper such progress, and analyses the key challenges to nuclear disarmament.

The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor also evaluates the extent to which all states — regardless of whether they have consented to be bound by the TPNW — act in accordance with the Treaty or not. It found that the conduct in 2021 of a total of 153 states (equating to almost 78% of the global total) was fully compatible with the Treaty.

The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor also continues to list Iran and Saudi Arabia as states of concern, in relation to the TPNW’s prohibition on developing and producing nuclear weapons. They do not possess nuclear weapons, but both have latent nuclear breakout capabilities.

April 12, 2022 Posted by | weapons and war | Leave a comment

Sizewell nuclear project: planning process drags on: thousands of objectors, yet tax-payer funding already promised!

Letter: Your article (PM to put nuclear power at heart of UK’s energy
strategy, 6 April) refers to Sizewell C as one of the major projects that
has “already been through some form of planning”. The planning process
is still going on, and thousands of interested parties have objected.

Six months of Planning Inspectorate meetings exposed the mistakes of trying to
build two gigantic reactors in the middle of an area of outstanding natural
beauty and site of special scientific interest, pushed against the Minsmere
nature reserve, on an eroding coastline, and with no available water for
construction or operation, among other problems.

This hasn’t stopped Kwasi Kwarteng promising millions in taxpayer funding for Sizewell C when
the planning process has not been completed and while he refuses to meet
the community to hear alternative views.

 Guardian 10th April 2022

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/apr/10/uk-energy-strategys-nuclear-dangers-and-glaring-omissions

April 12, 2022 Posted by | politics, UK | Leave a comment

After disrupting Europe, NATO aims to destabilize Asia, whole world: Chinese Foreign Ministry — Anti-bellum

Xinhua News AgencyApril 11, 2022 NATO urged to stop spreading provocative remarks against China: spokesperson NATO should immediately stop spreading disinformation and provocative remarks targeting China, and abandon the confrontational approach of drawing ideological lines, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson said Monday, adding that China has lodged solemn representations with NATO for many times. Spokesperson […]

After disrupting Europe, NATO aims to destabilize Asia, whole world: Chinese Foreign Ministry — Anti-bellum

April 12, 2022 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Resilience: NATO offers grants to spy on, stifle dissent — Anti-bellum

The Department of Homeland Security and its host of loyal “NGOs” like the SPLC, ADL, etc. now couple “anti-government” advocates with hate groups. Anyone who criticizes NATO is ipso facto an anti-government, hate group-affiliated malign actor and so forth. Also see: U. S. House swears loyalty to NATO as bulwark against Russia, China, domestic “proponents […]

Resilience: NATO offers grants to spy on, stifle dissent — Anti-bellum

April 12, 2022 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Finland to buy as many as 2,000 drones, boost military ahead of joining NATO — Anti-bellum

Yle NewsApril 11, 2022 Finnish military to procure surveillance drones valued at €14m The Finnish Defence Forces have plans to acquire between 1,000 to 2,000 unmanned aerial vehicles over a period of two years. The Finnish Defence Forces (FDF) announced on Monday it is seeking suitable suppliers of unmanned aerial systems (UAS), also referred to […]

Finland to buy as many as 2,000 drones, boost military ahead of joining NATO — Anti-bellum

April 12, 2022 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment