Nuclear technology was originally devised as a tool to fabricate weapons of mass destruction…. The transition to a “civilian nuclear program” was accelerated by President Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” campaign, which was little more than what we now call a “corporate stimulus” program.The program promoted “peaceful uses of the atom” by introducing nuclear reactors to other countries. The first two that received nuclear reactors were Iran and Pakistan….
Despite generations of glowing publicity about “safe, clean electricity” and the “peaceful atom,” the nuclear industry remains fatally intertwined with nuclear weapons proliferation. In the 1950s, the Pentagon called for the creation of a “civilian” nuclear energy program to fill a plutonium shortage that was slowing the production of nuclear weapons.195 Dwight Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace program directly promoted nuclear weapons programs in India, Israel and Pakistan…
The linked nature of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons was underscored with the revelation that Abdul Qadeer Khan, “the father of Pakistan’s atomic bomb,” obtained his blueprints for a uranium enrichment centrifuge from URENCO, a Dutch nuclear-power company. (Khan later sold these designs to other countries, including Libya.) The enduring unity of the Military-Nuclear-Industrial Complex was further underscored when AREVA, France’s cash-strapped nuclear firm, announced plans to build reactor equipment in Virginia with a new partner—U.S. arms manufacturer Northrop Grumman.
THE NUCLEAR POWERS VERSUS DISARMAMENT
The five original nuclear powers (U.S., Russia, UK, France, China,) encouraged the spread of nuclear-fueled power plants but, to protect the nuclear status quo,Article 4 of the 1967 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty declared that, while all signatories would be allowed to pursue the peaceful use of nuclear energy, only the Big Five could possess nuclear bombs.
Under Article 6, the NPT’s signatories pledged to work towards complete nuclear disarmament. Fortytwo years later, the nuclear powers have still not disarmed (and the U.S. has actually embarked on new nuclear weapons programs).
The only countries to have abandoned their nuclear weapons ambitions are Argentina, Brazil, Libya, South Africa and Taiwan.210 As a signatory to the NPT, Iran is legally entitled to build and operate nuclear power plants. Israel, however, has refused to sign the treaty and has refused to permit international inspections of its nuclear site at Dimona…..
On February 6, 2006, George W. Bush announced the creation of a Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) to address the problem of nuclear waste by reviving the U.S. reprocessing program(while preventing other countries from building their own enrichment and reprocessing plants).
Far from being proliferation-resistant, the GNEP actually threatened to boost stockpiles of enriched uranium and plutonium because it allowed some of the 25 GNEP members (including the U.S. and France) to retain the “right” to reprocess uranium to supply other GNEP countries. [The GNEP has recently been discredited, and abandoned. However, it has more or less been reborn as The International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC)]
The problem is that reprocessed plutonium is easily weaponized.The 250 metric tons of plutonium already produced worldwide are sufficient to build 40,000 atomic bombs. Under GNEP, the amount of additional plutonium from reprocessing U.S. spent fuel would top more than 500 metric tons. The Bush Administration announced plans to build a new $80 billion reprocessing plant to handle at least 2,000 tons of spent fuel a year but the U.S. has tried, and failed, to build reprocessing plants on three previous occasions…The first facility in West Valley, New York, was shut after six years (taxpayers have so far spent $4.5 billion to clean up its contamination) and the other two plants were declared inoperable.
Ending the threat of nuclear proliferation requires the closure of all enrichment and reprocessing facilities….. – excerpt from Nuclear Roulette: The Case Against a “Nuclear Renaissance”http://ifg.org/pdf/Nuclear_Roulette_book.pdf
100 Years of War – 100 Years of Peace and the Peace Movement, 1914 – 2014 – theme for December 2014
By Peter van den Dungen
Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. … It is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results. –Andrew Carnegie
Since this is a strategy conference of the peace and anti-war movement, and since it is being held against the background of the centenary of the First World War, I will confine my comments largely to issues the centenary should focus on and to the way in which the peace movement can contribute to the anniversary events which will be spreading out over the coming four years. The numerous commemorative events not only in Europe but around the world offer an opportunity to the anti-war and peace movement to publicise and advance its agenda.
It seems that so far this agenda is largely absent from the official commemorative programme……..
the debate so far has largely ignored the fact that an anti-war and peace movement existed before 1914 in many countries. That movement consisted of individuals, movements, organisations, and institutions which did not share the prevailing views regarding war and peace, and which strove to bring about a system in which war was no longer an acceptable means for countries to settle their disputes.
In fact, 2014 is not only the centenary of the start of the Great War, but also thebicentenary of the peace movement……….
The world continues to live very dangerously. Climate change is presenting new and additional dangers. But even those who deny that it is man-made cannot deny that nuclear weapons are man-made, and that a nuclear holocaust would be wholly of man’s own doing. It can only be averted by a determined attempt to abolish nuclear weapons. This is not only what prudence and morality dictate, but also justice and international law……….
It is well-known that the US annual arms expenditures surpass those of the next ten or twelve countries combined. This is indeed, to quote Eisenhower, ‘disastrous’, and madness, and very dangerous madness at that. The imperative for disarmament that he stipulated has been turned into its opposite…….
Commemorations of the centenary of the First World War during the next four years provide the peace movement with many opportunities to promote a culture of peace and nonviolence which, alone, will be able to bring about a world without war.
Nobody made a greater mistake than he who did nothing because he could do only a little. –Edmund Burke
Peter van den Dungen
Cooperation for Peace, 11th Annual Strategy Conference, 21-22 February 2014, Cologne-Riehl
(revised, 10th March 2014)
 The full text of the speech is at www.gov.uk/government/speeches/speech-at-imperial-war-museum-on-first-world-war-centenary-plans
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- 1 NUCLEAR ISSUES
- business and costs
- climate change
- indigenous issues
- marketing of nuclear
- opposition to nuclear
- politics international
- Religion and ethics
- secrets,lies and civil liberties
- weapons and war
- 2 WORLD
- MIDDLE EAST
- NORTH AMERICA
- SOUTH AMERICA
- Christina's notes
- Christina's themes
- RARE EARTHS
- resources – print
- Resources -audiovicual