2015-03-01 Taipei, A national anti-nuclear alliance calling for energy reforms is set to hold a protest march around Taiwan on March 14 to mark the fourth anniversary of Japan‘s Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011. Stop Nukes Now , formed by 126 anti-nuclear organizations, announced that the march will take place simultaneously in Taipei, Kaohsiung and Tainan to convey people’s hope for the government to abolish nuclear power and reform Taiwan’s energy network.
Reasons Why We Should Abolish All Nuclear Fissioning Applications https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/Reasons_Why_We_Should_Abolish_All_Nuclear_Fissioning_Applications/?agidTib
Why this is important
The Late Petra Kelly, Founder of the Green Party
We should not be building or refurbishing any more nuclear reactors for the following reasons:
Nuclear waste is the only product of all nuclear reactors.
Nuclear waste is destructive of all living things.
The Nuclear industry does not know how to undo the nuclear waste they produce.
Nuclear waste lasts virtually forever and will also require management for as long as it lasts.
Nuclear waste cannot be buried and forgotten. It will destroy any material containment. It will require perpetual management.
The Nuclear waste stored at Fukushima has gone critical and defies all efforts to contain and manage it. It continues to be released into our biosphere now and is poisoning every living thing it encounters.
Nuclear warheads are fashioned from the nuclear waste produced in nuclear reactors.
Greed for profit is the main motive that drives the nuclear industry.
SNC Lavalin Nuclear and Ontario Power Generation (OPG) in court over costs of Darlington nuclear rebuild
We’ll see SNC Lavalin Nuclear in court http://www.cleanairalliance.org/bulletins Angela Bischoff 24 Feb 15 In March 2011, the Ontario Clean Air Alliance (OCAA) filed a Freedom of Information (FOI) request to obtain details of the contract between Aecon Construction, SNC Lavalin Nuclear and Ontario Power Generation (OPG) for the re-building of four reactors at the Darlington Nuclear Station on Lake Ontario.
Aecon Construction and SNC Lavalin, not surprisingly, are not keen to reveal just how rich this mega contract is and refused to provide the information. However, the the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario (IPC) ruled that the companies should provide relevant details, a decision Aecon and SNC then appealed to the Superior Court.
The companies are insisting that they were “confused” by the Freedom of Information request process, which the Privacy Commissioner’s counsel notes is rather odd, considering that these “are multi-billion dollar companies that have access to a wealth of internal and external legal resources [and] have a history of being involved in access to information requests in other Canadian jurisdictions.“
The companies are also trying to use another technicality to shield the details of the deal, including whether it allows cost overruns to be passed onto taxpayers and ratepayers. They are insisting that contracts are not covered by FOI legislation because they represent information provided by one party to another. The Commissioner’s counsel strongly disagrees in her response, citing an explanation from the Government of Canada:
“.. . The intention of Parliament in exempting financial and commercial information from disclosure applies to confidential information submitted to the government, not negotiated amounts for goods or services. Otherwise, every contract amount with the government would be exempt from disclosure, and the public would have no access to this important information …”
Given the long history of secret deals in Ontario’s nuclear power sector that have led to massive cost overruns – and massive debt for Ontario taxpayers and ratepayers – the OCAA believes the public has every right to know more about the deal struck between OPG and these two construction and engineering giants. We would like to thank the Information and Privacy Commissioner for robustly defending our right to see this information.
We’re hoping we won’t have to repeat this difficult and time consuming exercise with another secret nuclear deal – an agreement to rebuild reactors at the Bruce Nuclear Station. Instead of forcing public interest groups to file freedom of information requests after the fact, the government should walk its talk on openness and transparency by sending any proposed Bruce Deal to the Ontario Energy Board for a full public review.
Please join us to observe the proceedings as well as to show your support for greater transparency in government decision making this coming Monday :
- Monday March 2, 10 a.m.(come at any time during the day)
- Osgoode Hall, 130 Queen St. West (NE corner of Queen/University), in Courtroom # 3 (on 2ndfloor), entrance off Queen St., Toronto
A little sunshine can keep everyone healthier.
p.s. Our Ontario budget proposal to take a pass on rebuilding the Darlington Nuclear Plant in favour of importing lower-cost water power from Quebec has clearly made some vested interests in the Ontario nuclear industry very nervous. Our proposal on the government’s budget consultation website has suddenly been inundated with “thumbs down” votes. This orchestrated campaign to deep six our idea just shows how the nuclear industry really can’t compete with our highly sensible proposal. Don’t let them get away with it! Give our idea a thumbs up right now.
Green nuclear conference will ‘dismantle’ Hinkley http://mollymep.org.uk/2015/02/23/green-nuclear-conference-will-dismantle-hinkley/ A major conference on nuclear power and the proposal to build a new nuclear reactor at Hinkley point in Somerset will take place in London to coincide with the 4th anniversary of the Fukushima disaster . The event will be hosted by Green MEP Molly Scott Cato – whose South West constituency is home to Hinkley – and three other Green MEPs: Rebecca Harms, Claude Turmes and Michel Reimon.
The event will present the initial findings of a new report which will seek to ‘dismantle’ the view that nuclear can be part of a sustainable energy future and demonstrate how renewables can meet the energy needs of the South West. Greens argue that the proposed deal for a new nuclear power station at Hinkley Point in Somerset was granted by the EU Commission on dubious legal grounds, amounts to a massive government subsidy, and sets a dangerous precedent across Europe. The deal is currently facing a legal challenge from the Austrian and Luxembourg governments and a consortium of renewable energy businesses. Molly Scott Cato MEP said:
“Greens have always said that nuclear power is dangerous, expensive and will fail to deliver the energy we need in the timescale we need it. The South West has the greatest potential for renewable energy anywhere in England and Wales and the sector can provide thousands of jobs. We have the ability to provide electricity cleanly, safely and at lower costs than nuclear. Add to that the opportunity for renewables to be owned not by giant foreign corporations and global finance but by local people in the form of cooperatives and social enterprises, and it’s clear that it is renewable energy that really offers power to the people.”
The event, held on the 4th anniversary of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, will include a keynote speech from Tetsunari Iida, Executive Director of the Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies, Japan. Mr Iida said:
“With nuclear power, there is always the risk that a large disaster on the scale of Fukushima will occur as well as the semi-permanent nuclear waste nuclear produces. These two basic risks cannot be avoided. Our only truly sustainable type of energy is renewable energy.”
 FROM FUKUSHIMA TO HINKLEY: DISMANTLING THE NUCLEAR ARGUEMENT FOR A SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURE
Where: Europe House, 32 Smith Street, London SW1P 3EU on Thursday 5 March 2015.
Time: 09:00 – 15:30
Details: The events takes place on the occasion of the 4th anniversary of the Fukushima disaster and will include keynote speaker Tetsunari Iida, Executive Director, Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies, Japan. The event will bring together experts from all over the world to discuss the impacts of Fukushima on Europe in light of the recent decision of the European Commission to allow the UK government to heavily subsidise a new nuclear reactor at Hinkley Point C. It will include detailed analysis of the impact of this decision on the South West, including a report on meeting the South West energy needs from renewables and how nuclear can undermine investment in renewables.
Click here for a full programme and timings
To attend the event or for further information please contact Amanda Williams, Regional Liaison Officer to Molly Scott Cato MEP Tel: 07780 970621 or Email: email@example.com
For the first time in Québec City, Canada The World Uranium Symposium http://www.incentivetravel.co.uk/news/venuesevents/25114-for-the-first-time-in-quebec-city-canada-the-world-uranium-symposium 23 February 2015
The World Uranium Symposium will be held for the first time in Québec City, Canada, from April 14 to 16, 2015, at the Québec City Convention Centre. Organized by medical associations and civil society partners, the symposium will welcome more than 100 national and international specialists who will examine major questions associated with the nuclear fuel chain, including issues related to economic trends in the industry, safety and governance, social and environmental aspects, health, ethics, human rights, and indigenous peoples’ rights.
“We’re very pleased to be able to present the World Uranium Symposium in Québec this year. This is an important event and a unique opportunity for specialists and the public alike to explore the key issues pertaining to the nuclear fuel chain,” says Dr. Juan Carlos Chirgwin, Faculty lecturer at McGill University and president of Physicians for Global Survival (1985 Nobel Peace Prize).
2015: a key year for debating the future of nuclear energy
The World Uranium Symposium is taking place in a unique international context: rising costs and safety issues related to the Fukushima accidents in 2011 have led many countries to question the future of nuclear energy, which currently generates about 11% of the world’s electricity. This year also marks the 70th anniversary of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as the United Nations’ negotiations in New York for the Non-Proliferation Treaty. A new United Nations climate agreement will also be signed in Paris this year. All of these issues form the backdrop for the Symposium, whose primary aim is to make key recommendations to public policy makers to ensure increased protection of health, safety and the environment (see Preliminary Program).
Speakers at the Symposium include Helen Mary Caldicott (Australia), cofounder of Physicians for Social Responsibility; Arnie Gundersen (USA), international nuclear safety expert, former nuclear industry senior executive and author of a bestseller about the Fukushima; Mycle Shneider (France), international expert on energy and nuclear policies, author of the annual World Nuclear Industry Status Report; Sara Olsvig (Greenland), leader of the Ataqatigiit party and member of the Danish Parliament; Peter Prebble (Canada), former Saskatchewan cabinet minister; Doug Brugge (United States), Department of Public Health at Tufts University, author of The Navajo People and Uranium Mining; Ian Fairlie (Great Britain), former advisor to the UK government on the radiation risks of the nuclear industry; and Mariette Liefferink (South Africa), CEO, Federation for a Sustainable Environment.
The Symposium is jointly organized by Physicians for Global Survival (1985 Nobel Peace Prize), the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, Nature Québec, the Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility and the Coalition pour que le Québec ait meilleure mine. It also receives support from the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (Swiss chapter), the First Nations of Québec and Labrador Sustainable Development Institute, the Cree Nation of Mistissini, MiningWatch Canada, and a number of other local, national and international partners.
For the first time in Quebec, Canada: World Uranium Symposium http://www.newswire.ca/en/story/1489785/for-the-first-time-in-quebec-canada-world-uranium-symposium
QUEBEC CITY, Feb. 19 2015 /CNW Telbec/ - The World Uranium Symposium will be held for the first time inQuebec City, Canada, from April 14 to 16, at the Centre des congrès de Québec. Organized by medical associations and civil society partners, the symposium will welcome more than 100 national and international specialists who will examine major questions associated with the nuclear fuel chain, including issues related to economic trends in the industry, safety and governance, social and environmental aspects, health, ethics, human rights, and indigenous peoples’ rights (register online: www.uranium2015.com/en). Continue reading
BLM Seeks Public Input on Draft Analysis of the Sheep Mountain Uranium Project, County 10 Fremont County (Lander, Wyo.) – The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lander Field Office seeks public input on the Sheep Mountain Uranium Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). A notice was published in the Federal Register on January 16, 2014, announcing the availability of the draft EIS for public review and comment……..The public, government agencies and Tribes are encouraged to provide comment on the draft EIS during the 45-day public comment period. The BLM will host a public meeting in Lander at the Fremont County Library, 244 Amoretti St., on January 28, 2015, from 4:30 until 6:00 p.m.
The draft EIS is available for review on the project website atwww.blm.gov/wy/st/en/info/NEPA/documents/lfo/sheepmtn.html.
Comments may be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org or mailed to BLM Lander Field Office, Attn: Chris Krassin, 1335 Main Street, Lander, WY 82520. Comments may also be submitted to the BLM during the public meetings. To ensure your comments and information are fully considered, the BLM must receive your input by March 2, 2015. http://county10.com/2015/01/16/blm-seeks-public-input-on-draft-analysis-of-the-sheep-mountain-uranium-project/
A unique, two-day symposium at which an international panel of leading experts in disarmament, political science, existential risk, artificial intelligence, anthropology, medicine, nuclear weapons and other nuclear issues will be held at The New York Academy of Medicine on Feb 28- March 1, 2015. The public is welcome.
A project of The Helen Caldicott Foundation
Maine Voices: Human frailties, near misses make case for abolishing nuclear arms It’s time to join the rapidly growing consensus, sign an online petition and write to your senators.BY JAMES H. MAIER SPECIAL TO THE PRESS HERALD SCARBOROUGH — A recent story in the Maine Sunday Telegram (“REPORT: FORMER NUCLEAR LEADER POSSIBLY MADE COUNTERFEIT POKER CHIPS,” NOV. 23) paints a frightening picture of unreliability rampant in the ranks of those who manage the U.S. nuclear force, the most powerful and dangerous arsenal ever devised. Addiction, morale problems, safety lapses and other disciplinary problems exemplify the human weaknesses that could someday contribute to a disastrous accident.
Another aspect of this unsettling situation was not mentioned in the story: It is the long and well-documented history of so-called “broken arrows” (the military’s euphemistic term for a series of near-miss nuclear accidents that have been occurring every few years since the 1950s).
The 2013 book “Command and Control,” Eric Schlosser’s scholarly and comprehensive history of the evolution of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project to the present, describes many such alarming mishaps:
• Fiery crashes of Strategic Air Command B-52s carrying nuclear bombs.
• Accidental drops of combat-ready weapons from their bomb bays in locations from South Carolina to Morocco.
• Instances of nuclear weapons sitting unguarded in aircraft or storage silos in both NATO nations and the U.S.
It gets even more chilling. At tense times during the Cold War, all-out nuclear exchanges between the U.S. and Russia were narrowly averted when early warning radar arrays detected a flock of geese, unusual weather patterns or, on one occasion, a peacetime test launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile.
In the precarious moments, when mistaken for an enemy’s nuclear “first strike,” any one of these false alarms could have triggered a massive retaliatory launch by one superpower or the other……………..
As the author points out, by remarkable good luck or the grace of God, none of the many accidents involving these weapons have yet resulted in a full-scale nuclear explosion, although in some cases the shaped high-explosive charges surrounding the uranium or plutonium cores have detonated, causing loss of life and property.
We have known since the 1960s that a full-scale nuclear war could devastate the planet, with dramatic climate change leading to famine among survivors. More recent models have warned that even a relatively small conflict on the other side of the planet – for example, involving Pakistan’s and India’s 100 known weapons – would put enough smoke, dust and debris into the atmosphere to create a “nuclear winter” as described by Carl Sagan.
As many military and world leaders have long recognized, prevention of nuclear war is essential. More than 150 nations, only recently including the U.S., have called for a treaty to abolish all use of nuclear weapons on humanitarian grounds.
To add your voice to this rapidly expanding world consensus, sign an online petition at www.icanw.org and write to Sens. Susan Collins (www.collins. senate.gov) and Angus King (www.king.senate.gov), asking them to support a reduction in U.S. funding for the modernization of nuclear weapons and the fulfillment of the U.S. commitment to nuclear disarmament under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968. http://www.pressherald.com/2014/12/23/maine-voices-nuclear-non-misses-could-portend-of-an-inevitable-catastrophe/
Stop plans to build small nuclear reactors in Saskatchewan to power oil extraction from the Alberta Tar Sands. https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/Stop_plans_to_build_small_nuclear_reactors_in_Saskatchewan_to_power_oil_extraction_from_the_Alberta_Tar_Sands_1/?pv=10
Why this is important to me
When elected in 2007, Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall (his Saskatchewan Party is ideologically tied to Harper’s federal Conservatives) created the Uranium Development Partnership (UDP), chaired by one of the U of S vice-presidents. With industry support from Bruce Power (nuclear reactors) and its majority shareholders, Cameco (uranium mining) and TransCanada Corporation (the Keystone pipeline), the UDP pushed to establish a nuclear program at the University.
Public consultations in 2009 gave a resounding 88% “NO” to this nuclear agenda , but the government/corporate/university consortium have used the U of S to bypass this overwhelming expression of public opinion. The Canadian Centre for Nuclear Innovation (CCNI) was announced in March 2011 with $30 million of Government funding over 7 years. Its first goal is to build a prototype small nuclear reactor on campus. In August 2011 the Government and Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy Ltd announced another $10 million towards that objective.
Current U of S President MacKinnon and Board of Governors Chair Nancy Hopkins have been deeply involved in this project. Hopkins owns nearly $2 million in Cameco investments and is a paid Cameco director ($175,872 in 2009). MacKinnon accepted an all-expenses-paid trip to Cameco’s northern operations and exclusive lodge in 2009, at the peak of the public debate about the UDP report.
But MacKinnon retires from the U of S on June 30. We must send a clear message to his successor, Ilene Busch-Vishniac, to step off this destructive path.
Brad Wall’s government has starved the University of essential funding – U of S has an accumulated $90 million debt. Existing infrastructure is crumbling. New buildings on campus can’t open. And the $40 million for the CCNI and related nuclear projects won’t help U of S out of this crisis.
The University of Saskatchewan, founded in 1907, was once proudly called “the people’s university” – set in the heartland of the Canadian cooperative movement, home to Tommy Douglas, the greatest Canadian, the father of Medicare. Today the University has become an easy target for corporate takeover and a tool for the nuclear and petroleum industries. But right now we have a chance to stop this from happening.
Buy Nothing Day 28 Nov – North America 29 Nov International https://www.adbusters.org/campaigns/bnd
“Today, humanity faces a stark choice: save the planet and ditch capitalism, or save capitalism and ditch the planet.” – Fawzi Ibrahim
Until we challenge the entrenched values of capitalism – that the economy must always keep growing, that consumer wants must always be satisfied, that immediate gratification is imperative – we’re not going able to fix the gigantic psycho-financial-eco crisis of our times.
That challenge is a deeply personal one: in a world where every inch of the capitalist system is bullying you into submission, can you resist? When advertisers hound you day and night, can you escape? This Black Friday, a massive, absurd, and destructive consumerist machine will coordinate against you for one simple reason – to convince you to max out your credit card to buy shit you don’t need so that a broken system stays afloat. So when they say “BUY!”, will you say NOTHING!”?
Buy Nothing Day is legendary for instigating this type of personal transformation … as you suddenly remember what real living is all about … you sense an upsurge of radical empowerment and feel a strange magic creeping back into your life.
Join millions of us in over 60 countries on November 28/29 and see what it feels like. Then, after Buy Nothing Day, take the next step … for generations, Christmas has been hijacked by commercial forces … this year, let’s take it back.
And why not get playful while you’re at it!? … Put up posters, organize a credit card cut up, pull off a Whirl–mart, or a Christmas Zombie walk through your local mall.
Dr Helen Caldicott, 25 Nov 14, As a physician I am trained to assess a patient, taking a detailed medical history then conducting a careful physical examination. This is followed by a series of laboratory tests which guide me to a diagnosis. Appropriate treatment follows after the illness is diagnosed and the cause is defined. It is imperative that the main disease is attended to and the assessor not be distracted by peripheral issues or unrelated complaints.
I look at the world and its ongoing pathology from a similar perspective. There are many serious issues facing the world at the moment but it is necessary to triage the most serious threats, those to our very survival. It is easy to be diverted or distracted by lesser threats. This must be avoided. As a physician, I see the ever-present threat of nuclear war as an ongoing existential risk that threatens almost all planetary life with extinction. The situation is even more acute because most people and politicians have become inured to, or are unaware of, the existential nature of this threat. This is a dangerous form of psychic numbing.
The truth is that Russia and the U.S. possess 94% of the 16,400 nuclear weapons in the global nuclear arsenal. The U.S. maintains its first strike winnable nuclear war policy, and both countries have raised their nuclear arsenals to a higher state of alert because of the trouble in the Ukraine.
Furthermore it has just been announced that the administration has plans to replace every nuclear warhead and their delivery systems via ship, submarine, missile and plane, at a cost of one trillion dollars over the next thirty years. And recently Stephen Hawking and his collaegues have been postulating that there is a real possibility that computers could launch a nuclear war with no human input
This symposium to be held by The Helen Caldicott Foundation – a 501C3 charitable organization – at the NY Academy of Medicine on February 28th-March 1st, 2015 will be structured to address the following issues:
- What are the human and technological factors that could precipitate a nuclear war between Russia and the U.S., how many times have we come close to nuclear war and how long will our luck hold?
- What are the ongoing technological and financial developments relevant to the nuclear weapons arsenals of the US and Russia?
- What problems are associated with lateral proliferation of nuclear weapons via strenuous corporate marketing of nuclear technology?
- What are the medical and environmental consequences of either a small or large nuclear war?
- What are the underlying philosophical, political, and ideological dynamics that have brought life on earth to the brink of extinction?
- How can we assess this situation from an anthropological perspective?
- What is the pathology within the present political situation that could lead us to extinction?
- How can this nuclear pathology be cured?
Speakers for each issue Continue reading
Demo at Carlisle Railway: From Darkest Peru to Darkest Cumbria – Stop Nuclear Madness! http://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/11/17/demo-at-carlisle-railway-from-darkest-peru-to-darkest-cumbria-stop-nuclear-madness/Radiation Free Lakeland will be holding a demonstration and leafletting at Carlisle Railway Station on Monday 24th November from 11am to 1pm – Please come and join us
This demonstration in Carlisle coincides with a week of actions at train stations throughout the UK by groups and concerned citizens including in Wigan, Preston and Lancaster to oppose the continued transport of radioactive materials by train.. (look back here for times etc tbc)
What Continued Nuclear Madness Means to the North West:
2.Uranium arrives at Ellesmere Port Dock by ship where it is transported by road to Capenhurst. It is enriched at Capenhurst and then taken again by road to the Springfields fuel rod conversion plant near Preston. During all these processes it in the form of a Uranium Hexaflouride
3. The Fuel Making Process produces radioactive wastes which are released to the River Ribble and dumped in Clifton Marsh landfill. Depleted Uranium is stored at Capenhurst.
4. The fuel is taken to nuclear reactors including Heysham which is being restarted despite “a crack in the boiler spine, a metal rod supporting the weight of the reactor” (Institution of Engineering and Technology). 5. Once the fuel is burnt (spent fuel) it travels by rail through towns and villages to Sellafield where it is reprocessed increasing the volume of waste x180. Sellafield uses over £30M of gas every year.
6. Spent fuel has travelled by plane from Carlisle airport which is still authorised to carry radioactive materials. In a three year period, 1995-8 at least “8 shipments of nuclear fuel assemblies included passage by air from Carlisle Airport from West Cumbria to Switzerland” (Freedom of Information Response from the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority to RaFL 17th Sept 2014)
6. Next to Sellafield is 500 acres of beautiful farmland, hedgerows and ancient tracks. This land should be a buffer zone around the worlds most dangerous stockpile of nuclear waste. Instead the government plan to sell it to the same companies responsible for Fukushima in order to build 3 new nuclear reactors.
7. There is no “solution” to the problem of nuclear waste apart from distributing it to the environment. Not only to the air and sea but also to landfill. And then there is melting down radioactive scrap metal and selling it onto the open market. Finally, the proposal for deep burial of heat generating nuclear wastes.
The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) is rewriting its radiation regulations using documents that are not open to the public. Industry, however, has access to these documents.
These potential regulations will affect workers and the public, including vulnerable children.
This goes against open and democratic principles of governance. NRC has taken a number of years to write its potential rule even with full access to these documents. NRC should, therefore, not expect us to be able to obtain, read and assess the basis for this rule in a few short months.
NRC must turn over the documents and extend the comment deadline, giving us the resources and time needed to comment properly. TELL THEM SO.
More Nuclear Power is NOT the Answer to the Climate Crisis Petition published by Tom Hayden on Sep 04, 2014
Fukushima alone demonstrates the risks of nuclear meltdowns even in a society based on science and advanced technology. The one hundreds plants in our country are terrorist targets.
There are no solutions in sight to nuclear waste disposal. The timelines for bringing new nuclear plants online exceed the UN’s call for rapid decarbonization. The estimated costs are staggering.
- 1 NUCLEAR ISSUES
- business and costs
- climate change
- indigenous issues
- marketing of nuclear
- opposition to nuclear
- politics international
- Religion and ethics
- secrets,lies and civil liberties
- weapons and war
- 2 WORLD
- MIDDLE EAST
- NORTH AMERICA
- SOUTH AMERICA
- Christina's notes
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- rare earths
- resources – print
- Resources -audiovicual