Indonesia ratifies the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
We applaud the fact that all of the nuclear-capable countries in Europe, Latin America, and many in other regions of the world have ratified the CTBT. With Indonesia’s ratification, the number of countries that have yet to do so has decreased to eight: China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, North Korea and the United States.
Endorse the nuclear test ban, Aljazeera, 18 Dec, Carl Bildt and Patricia Espinosa Cantellano Carl Bildt is Foreign Minister of Sweden. Patricia Espinosa Cantellano is Foreign Minister of Mexico. The eight remaining non-signatory countries should adopt the treaty to make the planet safer, foreign ministers say. Stockholm/Mexico City
- Indonesia’s parliament has just taken a historic step, one that makes the planet
safer from the threat of nuclear weapons. The importance of Indonesia’s decision to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) cannot be overstated. This is a golden opportunity for the remaining eight countries to endorse the CTBT and enable it to
come into legal effect.
For the five decades following World War II, a nuclear test shook and
irradiated the planet every nine days on average. This ended in 1996,
when the CTBT was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. But,
for the CTBT to enter into force, all 44 states specified as holders
of nuclear technology must ratify it. Until they do, the spectre of
nuclear testing will continue to haunt us.
It is urgent that the CTBT take full legal effect around the world as
soon as possible. A complete ban on all nuclear explosions would help
to prevent the upgrading of existing nuclear arsenals and the
development of new weapons, diminishing the capabilities of both
current and potential nuclear-armed states. The CTBT reinforces both
nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament; it is essential for
global, regional and national security.
We applaud the fact that all of the nuclear-capable countries in
Europe, Latin America, and many in other regions of the world have
ratified the CTBT. With Indonesia’s ratification, the number of
countries that have yet to do so has decreased to eight: China, Egypt,
India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, North Korea and the United States.
These countries have a responsibility to make the legal ban on nuclear
testing a reality. We strongly urge them to reconsider the CTBT; it is
an important instrument for peace and security that will bring us a
step closer to a world without the threat of nuclear weapons.
The CTBT has already had a dramatic impact, despite not yet being in
force. Since its adoption, nuclear testing has virtually stopped, and
all 182 signatory states have abstained from testing nuclear
explosives. The three countries that have failed to ratify the CTBT
and have tested such devices – India, Pakistan and North Korea – have
faced universal condemnation from the UN Security Council and borne
the brunt of UN sanctions.
A key indicator of the viability of any arms-control treaty is how
effectively it can be verified. In this respect, the international
community has a formidable instrument at its disposal. The Preparatory
Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation
(CTBTO) is creating a verification regime that has repeatedly proven
its reliability in detecting even small underground nuclear tests.
In addition to its verification mandate, the CTBT monitoring system
also helps to mitigate disasters. During the tragic catastrophe in
Japan last March, CTBTO data helped local authorities to issue timely
alerts. The CTBTO also help by monitoring the global dispersion of
radioactivity from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant.
Mexico and Sweden are longstanding supporters of the CTBT. Over the
coming two years, our countries will jointly oversee the process of
bringing the CTBT into force. We pledge to spare no effort to advance
this aim. We vow to:
Call upon political leaders in the states that have not yet ratified
the CTBT to act without delay and take concrete steps to this end;
Encourage civil-society groups – NGOs, media, universities and youth
organisations – in these countries to urge their decision-makers to
ratify the CTBT;
Use national, regional and international meetings and conferences to
promote the CTBT at every level of decision-making;
Complete the CTBTO’s verification regime, which all states should
support as a powerful deterrent to any would-be nuclear testers.
It is time to end this destructive experiment and close the door on
nuclear testing once and for all. We appeal to decision-makers in the
eight states that have not yet ratified the CTBT to move forward.
Indonesia has set an example; now the spotlight is on you.
Carl Bildt is Foreign Minister of Sweden.
Patricia Espinosa Cantellano is Foreign Minister of Mexico.
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